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CLUBBING OF INCOME
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faaiz
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Thumbs up CLUBBING OF INCOME - January 4th, 2008

CLUBBING OF INCOME

STRUCTURE
10.0 Introduction
10.1 Objective
10.2 Cases of clubbing
10.2.1 Transfer of Income without transfer of asset
10.2.2 Revocable transfer of assets
10.2.3 Income of spouse
10.2.3A Remuneration from a concern in which spouse has substantial
interest . 10.2.3B Income
from assets transferred to spouse.
10.2.4 Income from assets transferred to son’s wife
10.2.5 Income from assets transferred to a person for the benefit of spouse
10.2.6 Income from assets transferred to a person for the benefit of
son’s wife
10.2.7 Income of minor child
10.3 Other Points
10.4 Let us sum up
10.5 Glossary
10.6 Self Assessment Exercises
10.7 Further Readings
__________________________________________________ ________________
______
10.0 INTRODUCTION
Generally an assessee is taxed in respect of his own income. But sometimes in
some exceptional circumstances this basic principle is deviated and the assessee
may be taxed in respect of income which legally belongs to somebody else.
Earlier the taxpayers made an attempt to reduce their tax liability by transferring
their assets in favour of their family members or by arranging their sources of
income in such a way that tax incidence falls on others, whereas benefits of
income is derived by them . So to counteract such practices of tax avoidance,
necessary provisions have been incorporated in sections 60 to 64 of the Income
Tax Act Hence, a person is liable to pay tax on his own income as well as income
belonging to others on fulfillment of certain conditions.
Inclusion of other’s Incomes in the income of the assessee is called Clubbing of
Income and the income which is so included is called Deemed Income. It is as per
the provisions contained in Sections 60 to 64 of the Income Tax Act.
7However, one very important aspect of these clubbing provisions is this that they
are applicable only for individuals and no other type of assessee like firm, company
etc. You already know that there are six types of assesses about which you studied in
Chapter 1
143
10.1 OBJECTIVE
After going through this lesson you should be able to understand
• Circumstances when income of some other person is included in the
income of Assessee
• Provisions when these sections will be applicable
• Under what head and in whose income it will be included.
10.2 CASES OF CLUBBING
Under the following circumstances, the income of other person is included in the
income of the assessee. We will be discussing each one of them in the pages to
follow.
10.2.1 TRANSFER OF INCOME WITHOUT TRANSFER
OF ASSET (SEC. 60)
Section 60 is applicable if the following conditions are satisfied:
• The taxpayer owns an asset
• The ownership of asset is not transferred by him.
• The income from the asset is transferred to any person under a settlement,
or agreement.
If the above conditions are satisfied, the income from the asset would be taxable
in the hands of the transferor
Illustration 10.1: Amitabh Bachan owns Debentures worth Rs 1,000,000 of ABC
Ltd., (annual) interest being Rs. 100,000. On April 1, 2005, he transfers interest
income to Sharukh Khan, his friend without transferring the ownership of these
debentures. Although during 2005-06, interest of Rs. 100,000 is received by
Sharukh Khan, it is taxable in the hands of Amitabh Bachan as per Section 60.
__________________________________________________ ________________
10.2.2 REVOCABLE TRANSFER OF ASSETS (SEC 61)
‘Revocable transfer’ means the transferor of asset assumes a right to re-acquire
asset or income from such an asset, either whole or in parts at any time in future,
during the lifetime of transferee. It also includes a transfer which gives a right to
144
re-assume power of the income from asset or asset during the lifetime of
transferee.
If the following conditions are satisfied section 61 will become applicable.
• An asset is transferred under a “revocable transfer”,
• The transfer for this purpose includes any settlement, or agreement
Then any income from such an asset is taxable in the hands of the transferor and
not the transferee (owner).
__________________________________________________ ______
10.2.3 INCOME OF SPOUSE
The following incomes of the spouse of an individual shall be included in the total
income of the individual:
____________________________________________
10.2.3A REMUNERATION FROM A CONCERN IN
WHICH SPOUSE HAS SUBSTANTIAL INTEREST [SEC
64 (1) (ii)]
Concern – Concern could be any form of business or professional concern. It
could be a sole proprietor, partnership, company, etc.
Substantial interest - An individual is deemed to have substantial interest, if he
/she (individually or along with his relatives) beneficially holds equity shares
carrying not less than 20 per cent voting power in the case of a company or is
entitled to not less than 20 percent of the profits in the case of a concern other
than a company at any time during the previous year.
If the following conditions are fulfilled this section becomes applicable.
• If spouse of an individual gets any salary, commission, fees etc
(remuneration) from a concern
• The individual has a substantial interest in such a concern
• The remuneration paid to the spouse is not due to technical or
professional knowledge of the spouse.
Then such salary, commission, fees, etc shall be considered as income of the
individual and not of the spouse.
Note:-In the case of irrevocable transfer of asset , the income from such assets will be
deemed to be the income of the transferee (To whom the asset has been transferred),
provided that the transfer is not for the benefit of the spouse of the transferor.
__________________________________________________ _________
145
Illustration 10.2 - X has a substantial interest in A Ltd. and Mrs. X is employed
by A Ltd. without any technical or professional qualification to justify the
remuneration. In this case, salary income of Mrs. X shall be taxable in the hands
of X.
When both husband and wife have substantial interest
Where both the husband and wife have a substantial interest in a concern and
both are in receipt of the remuneration from such concern both the remunerations
will be included in the total income of husband or wife whose total income,
excluding such remuneration, is greater.
____________________________________________
10.3.3B INCOME FROM ASSETS TRANSFERRED TO
SPOUSE [SEC. 64(1) (IV)]
Income from assets transferred to spouse becomes taxable under provisions of
section 64 (1) (iv) as per following conditions:-
• The taxpayer is an individual
• He/she has transferred an asset (other than a house property)
• The asset is transferred to his/her spouse
• The asset is transferred without adequate consideration. Moreover there is
no agreement to live apart.
If the above conditions are satisfied, any income from such asset shall be deemed
to be the income of the taxpayer who has transferred the asset.
Illustration 10.3 - X transfers 500 debentures of IFCI to his wife without
adequate consideration. Interest income on these debentures will be included in
the income of X.
When Section 64(i) (iv) is not applicable
On this basis of the aforesaid discussion and judicial pronouncements, section 64
is not applicable in the following cases:
* If assets are transferred before marriage.
* If assets are transferred for adequate consideration.
* If assets are transferred in connection with an agreement to live apart.
* If on the date of accrual of income, transferee is not spouse of the
transferor.
146
* If property is acquired by the spouse out of pin money (i.e. an allowance
given to
the wife by her husband for her dress and usual household expenses).
In the aforesaid five cases, income arising from the transferred asset cannot be
clubbed in the hands of the transferor.
CHECK YOUR PROGRESS
Activity A
Fill in the blanks: -
1) Generally an assessee is taxed in respect of his ___________ income. (own/
others)
2) Clubbing provisions are ______________ if an asset is transferred to the
spouse
before marriage. (applicable/ not applicable)
3) Revocable transfer means the transferor of asset has a right to _________ the
asset at a
any time in future during the lifetime of the transferee. (acquire/ reacquire)
4) Substantial interest means if an individual is entitled to not less than _______
percent of profits in the concern. (20/ 25)
__________________________________________________ ________________
10.2.4 INCOME FROM ASSETS TRANSFERRED TO
SON’S WIFE [SEC. 64 (1) (VI)]
Income from assets transferred to son’s wife attract the provisions of section 64
(1) (vi) as per conditions below:-
• The taxpayer is an individual.
• He/she has transferred an asset after May 31, 1973.
• The asset is transferred to son’s wife.
• The asset is transferred without adequate consideration.
In the case of such individuals, the income from the asset is included in the
income of the taxpayer who has transferred the asset.
___________________________________________
10.2.5 INCOME FROM ASSETS TRANSFERRED TO A
PERSON FOR THE BENEFIT OF SPOUSE [SEC. 64 (1)
(VII)]
147
Income from assets transferred to a person for the benefit of spouse attract the
provisions of section 64 (1) (vii) on clubbing of income. If:
• The taxpayer is an individual.
• He/she has transferred an asset to a person or an association of persons.
• Asset is transferred for the benefit of spouse.
• The transfer of asset is without adequate consideration.
In case of such individuals income from such an asset is taxable in the hands of
the taxpayer who has transferred the asset.
____________________________________________
10.2.6 INCOME FROM ASSETS TRANSFERRED TO A
PERSON FOR THE BENEFIT OF SON’S WIFE [SEC. 64
(1) (VIII)]
Income from assets transferred to a person for the benefit of son’s wife attract the
provisions of section 64 (1) (vii) on clubbing of income. If,
• The taxpayer is an individual.
• He/she has transferred an asset after May 31, 1973.
• The asset is transferred to any person or an association of persons.
• The asset is transferred for the benefit of son’s wife.
• The asset is transferred without adequate consideration.
In case of such individual, the income from the asset is included in the income of
the person who has transferred the asset.
____________________________________________
10.2.7 INCOME OF MINOR CHILD (SEC. 64 (1A)
All income which arises or accrues to the minor child shall be clubbed in the
income of his parent (Sec. 64(1A), whose total income (excluding Minor’s
income) is greater. However, in case parents are separated, the income of minor
will be included in the income of that parent who maintains the minor child in the
relevant previous year.
Exemption to parent [Sec10 (32)]
An individual shall be entitled to exemption of Rs. 1,500 per annum(p.a.) in
respect of each minor child if the income of such minor as included under section
64 (1A) exceeds that amount. However if the income of any minor child is less
148
than Rs. 1,500 p.a. the aforesaid exemption shall be restricted to the income so
included in the total income of the individual.
When Section 64(1A) is not applicable
In case of income of minor child from following sources, the income of minor
child is not clubbed with the income of his parent.
• Income of minor child on account of any manual work.
• Income of minor child on account of any activity involving application of
his skill, talent or specialized knowledge and experience.
• Income of minor child (from all sources) suffering from any disability of
the nature specified under section 80U (see Para 11.8).
CHECK YOUR PROGRESS
Activity B
Match the following
Table A Table B
i) Transferor a) person to whom something is transferred
ii) Transferee b) person who has attained an age of 18
years
iii) Revocable c) person who transfers some of his
belonging
iv) Minor d) the right to take back something given
earlier
__________________________________________________ ________________
10.3 OTHER POINTS
Can negative income be clubbed?
If clubbing provisions are applicable and income from such a source is negative it
will still be clubbed in the income of assessee.
Head of income under which an income belonging to somebody else would be
clubbed
The other person’s income is taxable under the head under which it would have
been taxable if it is the income of the assessee himself.
For example Mr. X gifts Mrs. X Rs 2 lakhs from which she starts a business. Now
as per clubbing provisions whatever is the profit from this business it will be
taxable in the hands of Mr. X. Since it is an income taxable under the head
149
‘Profits & gains of Business & profession’ that is why it will be taxable under the
same head and income will be calculated as if it is the business of Mr. X.
____________________________________________
10.4 LET US SUM UP
Sometimes an individual is taxed in respect of others income. The income legally
belongs to somebody else but it is clubbed with the income of some other person
in some special circumstances. These provisions are contained in sections 60 to
64.
Section 60 & 61 contains provisions when income from an asset is transferred
without transferring the asset or transferring an asset but the transfer is revocable.
In both the situations income from such assets is treated as income of the
transferor.
Any remuneration received by the spouse from a concern in which individual has
substantial interest is taxable in the hands of individual. Similarly income from
any asset transferred to spouse will continue to be taxable in the hands of former.
Income from any asset transferred for the benefit of spouse is taxable in the hands
of transferor. Similarly income from any asset transferred to son’s wife or for the
benefit of son’s wife again becomes taxable in the hands of transferor. The other
person’s income is taxable under the head under which it would have been taxable
if it is the income of the assessee himself.
__________________________________________________ ________________
10.5 GLOSSARY
The key words in the chapter are explained below:-
Transferor- The person who transfers any of his belongings, specifically his
assets/income to another person is known as Transferor.
Transferee-The person to whom the transferor transfers his / her assets is known
as transferee.
Revocable- he right to reacquire or take back anything legally which was given
earlier under an agreement or settlement.
Minor- A person who is below the age at which he or she legally becomes an
adult. In India at present a person becomes adult at the age of 18 years.
__________________________________________________ ________________
10.6 SELF ASSESSMENT EXERCISES
Q 1 Select the right option.
i) If Mr. X transfers certain debentures to his wife without adequate
consideration, interest income from such debentures shall be taxable in the
hands of
150
a) Mr. X
b) Mrs. X
c) Either of them
d) None of them
ii) Suppose Mr. Y transfers a house to his friend Z on the condition that his
friend will pay Rs 10,000 per month to his daughter in law D. Mr. Z receives
Rs 12,000 per month as rent from this house .Who will pay tax on this rental
income.
a) Mr. Z
b) Mr. Y
c) Mrs. D
d) Mr. D
iii) Mr. P has substantial interest in a firm. The said firm pays a remuneration of
Rs 10,000 p.m. to Mrs. P who otherwise does not possess any professional
qualification. Such remuneration will be included in the income of
a) Mr. P
b) Mrs. P
c) None of them
iv) If there is a transfer of asset which is not revocable during the lifetime of
transferee, income arising from such asset shall be included in the income of
a) Transferor
b) Transferee
c) Both of them
v) If any income has to be clubbed under Section 64, it will be clubbed under the
a) head ‘income from other sources’
b) relevant head to which it belongs
c) none of these two
Q 2. Discuss the provisions regarding clubbing of income of a minor child with
his parents.
Q 3. “An assessee is not only liable in respect of his own incomes for tax
purposes but his liability may extend to some other incomes also” Comment
ANSWERS
Q 1 .i) a ii) b iii) a iv) b v) b
151
10.7 FURTHER READING AND SOURCES
1 Girish Ahuja & Ravi Gupta, Simplified Approach to Income Tax and
Sales Tax, Sahitya Bhawan Publishers and Distributors Ltd., Agra
2 Mehrotra H. C., Dr. S. P. Goyal , Income Tax Central Sales Tax Delhi
value
added Tax, Sahitya Bhavan Publications
2 Mahesh Chandra & S.P. Goyal, Income Tax Law and practice, Himalaya
Publishing House, Delhi
3 Singhania, Vinod K., Monica Singhania, Students Guide to Income Tax,
Taxmann Publications Private Ltd.
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Re: CLUBBING OF INCOME - January 8th, 2010

Good post brother because I was not getting this topic. You made it easy for me.
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Jitendra Mazee
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Re: CLUBBING OF INCOME - February 25th, 2016

Quote:
Originally Posted by faaiz View Post
CLUBBING OF INCOME

STRUCTURE
10.0 Introduction
10.1 Objective
10.2 Cases of clubbing
10.2.1 Transfer of Income without transfer of asset
10.2.2 Revocable transfer of assets
10.2.3 Income of spouse
10.2.3A Remuneration from a concern in which spouse has substantial
interest . 10.2.3B Income
from assets transferred to spouse.
10.2.4 Income from assets transferred to son’s wife
10.2.5 Income from assets transferred to a person for the benefit of spouse
10.2.6 Income from assets transferred to a person for the benefit of
son’s wife
10.2.7 Income of minor child
10.3 Other Points
10.4 Let us sum up
10.5 Glossary
10.6 Self Assessment Exercises
10.7 Further Readings
__________________________________________________ ________________
______
10.0 INTRODUCTION
Generally an assessee is taxed in respect of his own income. But sometimes in
some exceptional circumstances this basic principle is deviated and the assessee
may be taxed in respect of income which legally belongs to somebody else.
Earlier the taxpayers made an attempt to reduce their tax liability by transferring
their assets in favour of their family members or by arranging their sources of
income in such a way that tax incidence falls on others, whereas benefits of
income is derived by them . So to counteract such practices of tax avoidance,
necessary provisions have been incorporated in sections 60 to 64 of the Income
Tax Act Hence, a person is liable to pay tax on his own income as well as income
belonging to others on fulfillment of certain conditions.
Inclusion of other’s Incomes in the income of the assessee is called Clubbing of
Income and the income which is so included is called Deemed Income. It is as per
the provisions contained in Sections 60 to 64 of the Income Tax Act.
7However, one very important aspect of these clubbing provisions is this that they
are applicable only for individuals and no other type of assessee like firm, company
etc. You already know that there are six types of assesses about which you studied in
Chapter 1
143
10.1 OBJECTIVE
After going through this lesson you should be able to understand
• Circumstances when income of some other person is included in the
income of Assessee
• Provisions when these sections will be applicable
• Under what head and in whose income it will be included.
10.2 CASES OF CLUBBING
Under the following circumstances, the income of other person is included in the
income of the assessee. We will be discussing each one of them in the pages to
follow.
10.2.1 TRANSFER OF INCOME WITHOUT TRANSFER
OF ASSET (SEC. 60)
Section 60 is applicable if the following conditions are satisfied:
• The taxpayer owns an asset
• The ownership of asset is not transferred by him.
• The income from the asset is transferred to any person under a settlement,
or agreement.
If the above conditions are satisfied, the income from the asset would be taxable
in the hands of the transferor
Illustration 10.1: Amitabh Bachan owns Debentures worth Rs 1,000,000 of ABC
Ltd., (annual) interest being Rs. 100,000. On April 1, 2005, he transfers interest
income to Sharukh Khan, his friend without transferring the ownership of these
debentures. Although during 2005-06, interest of Rs. 100,000 is received by
Sharukh Khan, it is taxable in the hands of Amitabh Bachan as per Section 60.
__________________________________________________ ________________
10.2.2 REVOCABLE TRANSFER OF ASSETS (SEC 61)
‘Revocable transfer’ means the transferor of asset assumes a right to re-acquire
asset or income from such an asset, either whole or in parts at any time in future,
during the lifetime of transferee. It also includes a transfer which gives a right to
144
re-assume power of the income from asset or asset during the lifetime of
transferee.
If the following conditions are satisfied section 61 will become applicable.
• An asset is transferred under a “revocable transfer”,
• The transfer for this purpose includes any settlement, or agreement
Then any income from such an asset is taxable in the hands of the transferor and
not the transferee (owner).
__________________________________________________ ______
10.2.3 INCOME OF SPOUSE
The following incomes of the spouse of an individual shall be included in the total
income of the individual:
____________________________________________
10.2.3A REMUNERATION FROM A CONCERN IN
WHICH SPOUSE HAS SUBSTANTIAL INTEREST [SEC
64 (1) (ii)]
Concern – Concern could be any form of business or professional concern. It
could be a sole proprietor, partnership, company, etc.
Substantial interest - An individual is deemed to have substantial interest, if he
/she (individually or along with his relatives) beneficially holds equity shares
carrying not less than 20 per cent voting power in the case of a company or is
entitled to not less than 20 percent of the profits in the case of a concern other
than a company at any time during the previous year.
If the following conditions are fulfilled this section becomes applicable.
• If spouse of an individual gets any salary, commission, fees etc
(remuneration) from a concern
• The individual has a substantial interest in such a concern
• The remuneration paid to the spouse is not due to technical or
professional knowledge of the spouse.
Then such salary, commission, fees, etc shall be considered as income of the
individual and not of the spouse.
Note:-In the case of irrevocable transfer of asset , the income from such assets will be
deemed to be the income of the transferee (To whom the asset has been transferred),
provided that the transfer is not for the benefit of the spouse of the transferor.
__________________________________________________ _________
145
Illustration 10.2 - X has a substantial interest in A Ltd. and Mrs. X is employed
by A Ltd. without any technical or professional qualification to justify the
remuneration. In this case, salary income of Mrs. X shall be taxable in the hands
of X.
When both husband and wife have substantial interest
Where both the husband and wife have a substantial interest in a concern and
both are in receipt of the remuneration from such concern both the remunerations
will be included in the total income of husband or wife whose total income,
excluding such remuneration, is greater.
____________________________________________
10.3.3B INCOME FROM ASSETS TRANSFERRED TO
SPOUSE [SEC. 64(1) (IV)]
Income from assets transferred to spouse becomes taxable under provisions of
section 64 (1) (iv) as per following conditions:-
• The taxpayer is an individual
• He/she has transferred an asset (other than a house property)
• The asset is transferred to his/her spouse
• The asset is transferred without adequate consideration. Moreover there is
no agreement to live apart.
If the above conditions are satisfied, any income from such asset shall be deemed
to be the income of the taxpayer who has transferred the asset.
Illustration 10.3 - X transfers 500 debentures of IFCI to his wife without
adequate consideration. Interest income on these debentures will be included in
the income of X.
When Section 64(i) (iv) is not applicable
On this basis of the aforesaid discussion and judicial pronouncements, section 64
is not applicable in the following cases:
* If assets are transferred before marriage.
* If assets are transferred for adequate consideration.
* If assets are transferred in connection with an agreement to live apart.
* If on the date of accrual of income, transferee is not spouse of the
transferor.
146
* If property is acquired by the spouse out of pin money (i.e. an allowance
given to
the wife by her husband for her dress and usual household expenses).
In the aforesaid five cases, income arising from the transferred asset cannot be
clubbed in the hands of the transferor.
CHECK YOUR PROGRESS
Activity A
Fill in the blanks: -
1) Generally an assessee is taxed in respect of his ___________ income. (own/
others)
2) Clubbing provisions are ______________ if an asset is transferred to the
spouse
before marriage. (applicable/ not applicable)
3) Revocable transfer means the transferor of asset has a right to _________ the
asset at a
any time in future during the lifetime of the transferee. (acquire/ reacquire)
4) Substantial interest means if an individual is entitled to not less than _______
percent of profits in the concern. (20/ 25)
__________________________________________________ ________________
10.2.4 INCOME FROM ASSETS TRANSFERRED TO
SON’S WIFE [SEC. 64 (1) (VI)]
Income from assets transferred to son’s wife attract the provisions of section 64
(1) (vi) as per conditions below:-
• The taxpayer is an individual.
• He/she has transferred an asset after May 31, 1973.
• The asset is transferred to son’s wife.
• The asset is transferred without adequate consideration.
In the case of such individuals, the income from the asset is included in the
income of the taxpayer who has transferred the asset.
___________________________________________
10.2.5 INCOME FROM ASSETS TRANSFERRED TO A
PERSON FOR THE BENEFIT OF SPOUSE [SEC. 64 (1)
(VII)]
147
Income from assets transferred to a person for the benefit of spouse attract the
provisions of section 64 (1) (vii) on clubbing of income. If:
• The taxpayer is an individual.
• He/she has transferred an asset to a person or an association of persons.
• Asset is transferred for the benefit of spouse.
• The transfer of asset is without adequate consideration.
In case of such individuals income from such an asset is taxable in the hands of
the taxpayer who has transferred the asset.
____________________________________________
10.2.6 INCOME FROM ASSETS TRANSFERRED TO A
PERSON FOR THE BENEFIT OF SON’S WIFE [SEC. 64
(1) (VIII)]
Income from assets transferred to a person for the benefit of son’s wife attract the
provisions of section 64 (1) (vii) on clubbing of income. If,
• The taxpayer is an individual.
• He/she has transferred an asset after May 31, 1973.
• The asset is transferred to any person or an association of persons.
• The asset is transferred for the benefit of son’s wife.
• The asset is transferred without adequate consideration.
In case of such individual, the income from the asset is included in the income of
the person who has transferred the asset.
____________________________________________
10.2.7 INCOME OF MINOR CHILD (SEC. 64 (1A)
All income which arises or accrues to the minor child shall be clubbed in the
income of his parent (Sec. 64(1A), whose total income (excluding Minor’s
income) is greater. However, in case parents are separated, the income of minor
will be included in the income of that parent who maintains the minor child in the
relevant previous year.
Exemption to parent [Sec10 (32)]
An individual shall be entitled to exemption of Rs. 1,500 per annum(p.a.) in
respect of each minor child if the income of such minor as included under section
64 (1A) exceeds that amount. However if the income of any minor child is less
148
than Rs. 1,500 p.a. the aforesaid exemption shall be restricted to the income so
included in the total income of the individual.
When Section 64(1A) is not applicable
In case of income of minor child from following sources, the income of minor
child is not clubbed with the income of his parent.
• Income of minor child on account of any manual work.
• Income of minor child on account of any activity involving application of
his skill, talent or specialized knowledge and experience.
• Income of minor child (from all sources) suffering from any disability of
the nature specified under section 80U (see Para 11.8).
CHECK YOUR PROGRESS
Activity B
Match the following
Table A Table B
i) Transferor a) person to whom something is transferred
ii) Transferee b) person who has attained an age of 18
years
iii) Revocable c) person who transfers some of his
belonging
iv) Minor d) the right to take back something given
earlier
__________________________________________________ ________________
10.3 OTHER POINTS
Can negative income be clubbed?
If clubbing provisions are applicable and income from such a source is negative it
will still be clubbed in the income of assessee.
Head of income under which an income belonging to somebody else would be
clubbed
The other person’s income is taxable under the head under which it would have
been taxable if it is the income of the assessee himself.
For example Mr. X gifts Mrs. X Rs 2 lakhs from which she starts a business. Now
as per clubbing provisions whatever is the profit from this business it will be
taxable in the hands of Mr. X. Since it is an income taxable under the head
149
‘Profits & gains of Business & profession’ that is why it will be taxable under the
same head and income will be calculated as if it is the business of Mr. X.
____________________________________________
10.4 LET US SUM UP
Sometimes an individual is taxed in respect of others income. The income legally
belongs to somebody else but it is clubbed with the income of some other person
in some special circumstances. These provisions are contained in sections 60 to
64.
Section 60 & 61 contains provisions when income from an asset is transferred
without transferring the asset or transferring an asset but the transfer is revocable.
In both the situations income from such assets is treated as income of the
transferor.
Any remuneration received by the spouse from a concern in which individual has
substantial interest is taxable in the hands of individual. Similarly income from
any asset transferred to spouse will continue to be taxable in the hands of former.
Income from any asset transferred for the benefit of spouse is taxable in the hands
of transferor. Similarly income from any asset transferred to son’s wife or for the
benefit of son’s wife again becomes taxable in the hands of transferor. The other
person’s income is taxable under the head under which it would have been taxable
if it is the income of the assessee himself.
__________________________________________________ ________________
10.5 GLOSSARY
The key words in the chapter are explained below:-
Transferor- The person who transfers any of his belongings, specifically his
assets/income to another person is known as Transferor.
Transferee-The person to whom the transferor transfers his / her assets is known
as transferee.
Revocable- he right to reacquire or take back anything legally which was given
earlier under an agreement or settlement.
Minor- A person who is below the age at which he or she legally becomes an
adult. In India at present a person becomes adult at the age of 18 years.
__________________________________________________ ________________
10.6 SELF ASSESSMENT EXERCISES
Q 1 Select the right option.
i) If Mr. X transfers certain debentures to his wife without adequate
consideration, interest income from such debentures shall be taxable in the
hands of
150
a) Mr. X
b) Mrs. X
c) Either of them
d) None of them
ii) Suppose Mr. Y transfers a house to his friend Z on the condition that his
friend will pay Rs 10,000 per month to his daughter in law D. Mr. Z receives
Rs 12,000 per month as rent from this house .Who will pay tax on this rental
income.
a) Mr. Z
b) Mr. Y
c) Mrs. D
d) Mr. D
iii) Mr. P has substantial interest in a firm. The said firm pays a remuneration of
Rs 10,000 p.m. to Mrs. P who otherwise does not possess any professional
qualification. Such remuneration will be included in the income of
a) Mr. P
b) Mrs. P
c) None of them
iv) If there is a transfer of asset which is not revocable during the lifetime of
transferee, income arising from such asset shall be included in the income of
a) Transferor
b) Transferee
c) Both of them
v) If any income has to be clubbed under Section 64, it will be clubbed under the
a) head ‘income from other sources’
b) relevant head to which it belongs
c) none of these two
Q 2. Discuss the provisions regarding clubbing of income of a minor child with
his parents.
Q 3. “An assessee is not only liable in respect of his own incomes for tax
purposes but his liability may extend to some other incomes also” Comment
ANSWERS
Q 1 .i) a ii) b iii) a iv) b v) b
151
10.7 FURTHER READING AND SOURCES
1 Girish Ahuja & Ravi Gupta, Simplified Approach to Income Tax and
Sales Tax, Sahitya Bhawan Publishers and Distributors Ltd., Agra
2 Mehrotra H. C., Dr. S. P. Goyal , Income Tax Central Sales Tax Delhi
value
added Tax, Sahitya Bhavan Publications
2 Mahesh Chandra & S.P. Goyal, Income Tax Law and practice, Himalaya
Publishing House, Delhi
3 Singhania, Vinod K., Monica Singhania, Students Guide to Income Tax,
Taxmann Publications Private Ltd.
Hey faaiz, superb work! Well, as we know that clubbing of income implies Income of other individual involved in assessee’s total income, for instance, Income of husband which is proven the income of his wife is clubbed in the income of Husband and is taxable by the husband. For more detail, please download my presentation.
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