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INCOME FORM OTHER SOURCES
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faaiz
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faaiz
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Red face INCOME FORM OTHER SOURCES - January 4th, 2008

INCOME FORM OTHER SOURCES

STRUCTURE
9.0 Introduction
9.1 Objective
9.2 Incomes Specified in Section 56
9.3 Incomes not Specified in Section 56
9.4 Taxability of Select Income
9.4.1 Taxability of dividend
9.4.2 Taxability of Winning
9.4.3 Taxability of Interest on Securities
9.4.4 Taxability of family pension
9.5 Let us Sum Up
9.6 Glossary
9.7 Self Assessment Exercise
9.0 INTRODUCTION
There are some incomes, which are exempt, while others are taxable. The
taxability of Income is either under the head salary, house property, business
income or capital gain. All of these heads of income are mentioned under section
16 of the income tax act. You have read about these income heads in the previous
lessons.
The incomes, which are neither covered under the above heads of salary, house
property, business income, or capital gain, are covered in the head of income from
other sources. This head of income is a residual head because it tries to cover all
other incomes which are uncovered and which are not exempt from tax.
9.1 OBJECTIVE
After going through this lesson you will be able to understand the various
incomes, which are included in the income from other sources. Also you will be
able to understand how income from dividend, income by way of interest is taxed
and the concepts of grossing and net.
9.2 INCOMES SPECIFIED IN SECTION 56
134
Income of every kind which are to be taxed, and which are not included in the
income heads of Salary, House Property, Capital Gains, Profession and Business
shall be charged under the head Income from Other Sources.
Income chargeable under this head shall be computed as per the method of
accounting followed by assesses. There are two methods of accounting namely
cash basis and mercantile basis. In the cash basis of accounting the income is
recognized only on its actual receipt and expenses are recognized only on its
actual payment. However, in mercantile basis of accounting the income is
recognized even before its actual receipt and expense is recognized even before its
actual payment.
Illustration 9.1 ABC Ltd. has sold goods worth Rs. 5 lakh in cash
and Rs. 12 lakh on credit and purchased goods worth Rs. 2 lakh in cash and Rs. 6
lakh on credit. Determine the profit on cash basis and mercantile basis of
accounting.
Solution: Profit on cash basis:
Sales will be Rs. 5 lakh and purchase will be Rs. 2 lakh. Thus, profit will be sales
minus purchase i.e., Rs. 3 lakh.
Profit on Mercantile basis:
Sales will be Rs. 17 lakh (both cash and credit) and purchase will be Rs. 8 lakh
(both cash and credit). Thus, profit will be sales minus purchase i.e., Rs. 9 lakh.
Following incomes are specifically mentioned in the I .T. Act U/s 56, which are
included in the income from other sources:
1. Dividend
2. Interest on securities if not chargeable under the head business or
profession.
3. Wining from lotteries, crossword puzzles, races including horse races,
card games and any other sort of games or gambling or betting of any
form.
4. Income from machine, plant or furniture let on hire.
5. Income from machinery, plant, or furniture along with building and letting
thereof is inseparable.
6. Any sum received under a key-man insurance policy including bonus if
not taxable as salary or business income.
Dividend is the share of profit, which is distributed by the company to its
shareholders; this is an income for shareholders. Interest on securities means
interest on debentures, bonds etc. which is an income of the person receiving
this interest. Letting machine, plant, furniture generates the rental income. We
135
will study the taxation of the first three incomes i.e., dividend, interest and
winning briefly in the paragraphs given below.
9.3 INCOMES NOT SPECIFIED IN SECTION 56
Following incomes are not mentioned in the Income Tax Act but are to be
charged to tax. Therefore, these incomes are also included in the head of income
from other sources.
1. Income from subletting
2. Interest on bank deposits and loans and securities.
3. Agricultural income from a place outside India.
4. Rent of plot of land
5. Mining rent and royalty.
6. Casual income under a will, contract, trust deed.
7. Salary payable to a member of parliament.
8. Income from undisclosed sources.
9. Gratuity paid to a director who is not an employee of a company.
10. Any casual income exceeding Rs. 5,000.
CHECK YOUR PROGRESS
Activity A: Name any ten incomes, which are included in the head of income
from other sources.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Activity B: State whether these are income from other sources or not.
1. Salary of director
2. Salary of M.P`s.
3. Rent of a house.
4. Rent of a plot of land.
5. Rent of a machine let on hire along with building and letting is
separable.
6. Dividend from domestic company.
7. Winning from TV game show like Kaun Banega Carorpati.
9.4 TAXABILITY OF SELECT INCOMES
136
Now, we will discuss in brief the taxability of dividend, winning from lotteries,
interest on securities and family pension.
9.4.1 TAXABILITY OF DIVIDEND
Taxability of Dividends [Sec 56(2)(i)]
Dividends is taxable, irrespective of the fact, whether it is paid in cash or in
kind or it is paid out of taxable income or tax free income whether it is paid
out of revenue profits or capital gains. Dividend includes deemed dividend
mentioned u/s 2(22).
Normally, dividend is taxable on the basis of its declaration while deemed
dividend and interim dividend is taxable on the basis of payment.
A company at the end of the year after calculating its profit recommends the
distribution of some part of its profit to its shareholders. The profit distributed
among shareholders is called dividend.
Generally, dividend is given at the end of financial year. But some high profit
company also gives the dividend in between of the year without calculating its
year-end profits. This dividend is called interim dividend.
Dividends from Indian Company are exempt from tax since 1.6.97. But
dividend from any other company is taxable. Similarly any deemed dividends
U/S 2(22) are also taxable.
Deduction of expenses on collection and interest on loan, taken for investment
in shares, is available against dividend income.
If the dividend is more than the specified limit under section 194 (which is at
present Rs. 2,500 in a year) then the dividend actually received will be after
deducting a specified percentage of tax of TDS (Tax Deducted at Source). In
these cases, some tax is deducted and the balance amount of Dividend is paid
to the shareholder. The balance amount paid to shareholder is called net
dividend or dividend received and the total dividend is called the gross
dividend. Thus,
Gross Dividend = Dividend received + TDS
TDS = Gross Dividend * TDS Rate
Gross Dividend = Dividend received* 100 / (100- TDS)
TDS rate u/s 194 is 20% plus surcharge plus 2% Education cess. The
surcharge vary from case to case.
137
Illustration 9.2 Mr. X received a dividend of Rs. 7000 from a non-domestic
company during the previous year. He spends Rs. 100 towards collection
charges. Calculated the Gross Dividend and income form other sources.
Solution: In this case let us assume for the sake of simplicity that the
surcharge is nil. Thus, TDS will be 20% plus 2% education cess, which comes
to 20.4%.
Gross Dividend = Dividend received *100/ (100-TDS rate)
Gross Dividend = 7000 *100/ (100-20.4)
Gross Dividend = Rs. 8,794
Dividend chargeable as income from other source = Gross dividend minus
Collection charges = Rs. 8,794 – Rs. 100 = Rs. 8,694.
9.4.1 TAXABILITY OF WINNING
Taxability of Wining from Lotteries, cross word puzzles, horse races and card
games etc. is similar to the taxability of dividend with some changes like the rate
of TDS is 30 % plus surcharge plus 2% Education cess, and the exemption
amount is Rs. 5,000 (however it is 2,500 in case of horse races) and no deduction
on account of any expense in relation to the winning is allowed. That is the entire
winning amount is taxable.
Gross amount = Rs. 5,000 + (net income received on wining – 5,000)*100
(100-TDS)
Rs. 5,000 will be Rs. 2,500 in the case of wining from horse races.
Rs. 5,000 is an exemption, which is available because it is a casual receipt.
Winning on lotteries races, crossword puzzles are all casual income.
Illustration 9.3 Mr. X receives Rs. 7000 from a lottery prize won by
him during the previous year. He spends Rs. 100 towards collection charges and
the purchase of ticket. Calculated the Gross winning and income form other
sources.
Solution: In this case let us assume for the sake of simplicity that the
surcharge is nil. Thus, TDS will be 30% plus 2% education cess, which comes to
30.6%.
Gross winning = Rs. 5,000 + (net income received on wining –
5,000)*100
(100-TDS rate)
138
Gross winning = Rs. 5,000 + (7,000– 5,000)*100
(100- 30.6)
Gross winning = Rs. 7,881
Winning chargeable as income from other source or Gross Winning =Rs. 7,881.
Note: The collection charges are not deductible in case of winning.
CHECK YOUR PROGRESS
Activity C: Mr. X, receives Rs. 15000 from a horse race won by him during
the previous year. He spends Rs. 500 towards the cost of ticket purchased and
collection charges and the purchase of ticket. Calculated the Gross winning and
income form other sources.
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9.4.1 TAXABILITY OF INTEREST ON SECURITIES
Taxability of interest on securities is also similar to the taxability of dividend with
some changes like the rate of TDS is 10 % plus surcharge plus 2% Education cess
(20% plus surcharge plus 2% education cess in case of unlisted securities) and the
exemption amount is Rs. 5,000 and Deductions on interest income are collection
charges interest on loan and any other revenue expense incurred fully for the
purpose of interest is allowed.
Gross interest = Net received * 100 / (100 – TDS rate)
In case of tax-free govt. Securities, grossing up is not required as there is no
deduction or TDS. However, grossing up is required in case of following
securities.
1. Tax-free non govt. Securities
2. Less tax non govt. Securities
139
3. Less tax govt. Securities
Rate of TDS
Govt. Securities - 10% plus education cess; Listed securities – 10% plus
education cess; Unlisted non-govt. Securities - 20% plus education cess.
Illustration 9.4 Mr. X received a dividend of Rs. 7000 from a listed
security during the previous year. He spends Rs. 100 towards collection charges.
Calculated the Gross Dividend and income form other sources.
Solution: In this case let us assume for the sake of simplicity that the
surcharge is nil. Thus, TDS will be 10% plus 2% education cess, which comes to
10.2%.
Gross Interest = Interest received *100/ (100-TDS rate)
Gross Interest = 7000 *100/ (100-10.2)
Gross Interest = Rs. 7795
Interest chargeable as income from other source = Gross Interest minus Collection
charges = Rs. 7,795 – Rs. 100 = Rs. 7,695.
9.4.4 TAXABILITY OF FAMILY PENSION
Taxable as income from other sources, a standard deduction of 1/3rd of pension or
Rs. 15,000 whichever is less is allowed.
Activity D: Find the gross amount under following cases:
1. Dividend Received Rs. 12,000
2. Interest on listed securities received Rs. 2300
3. Wining received from TV game show Rs. 1, 00,000.
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9.5 LET US SUM UP
140
All those incomes which are not exempt and are to be taxed and are at the same
time not covered in any of the four heads of income namely salary, house
property, capital gains and business and profession is included in the head of
income from other sources. The income included here is taxable on cash or
mercantile basis whichever method assessee follows. There are certain incomes,
which are specifically mentioned in section 56 of the income tax act to be
included in the head of income from other sources, but there are various other
incomes, which are not specified in section 56 of the income tax act but are still
included in the income from other sources. If the tax is deducted at source then it
is clubbed back in the income and then the whole of the income is included in the
income from other source, in other words, if tax is deducted at source ad the
balance income is received then the tax so deducted is added back in the income
so received and then the whole of income is included in the income from other
sources.
9.6 GLOSSARY
Accounting: accounting is a process recording the financial transaction to find
out the profit from such transactions.
TDS: TDS stands for tax deducted at source, i.e., tax is deducted from the money
to be received by the assessee. This scheme of TDS is aimed at collection of tax
right at the point where income is earned.
Gambling and Speculation: gambling means to make a bet and speculation
means to guess in order to earn something, money or any other valuable item.
9.7 SELF ASSESSMENT EXCERCISE
1. Enumerate any five items of income, which are included under the head
income from other sources.
2. Define Dividend. Discuss the taxability of dividend.
3. What are the incomes, which are included under the subhead of winning?
What is the rate of tax on such incomes?
9.8 FURTHER AND SUGGESTED READINGS
1. Dinkar Pagare; Law and Practice of Income Tax; Sultan Chand & Sons;
latest edition
2. Girish Ahuja and Ravi Gupta; An Elementary Approach to Income Tax &
Sales Tax; Bharat Publications; latest edition.
3. H.C. Mehrotra; Income-tax Law and Accounts; Sahitya Bhawan; latest
edition.
141
4. Mahesh Chandra & D.C. Shukla; Income-tax Law and Practice; Pragati
Publications; latest edition.
5. Singhania Dr. Vinod K and Monica Singhania; Students’ Guide to
Income Tax; Taxmann Publications Pvt. Ltd.; latest edition.
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Re: INCOME FORM OTHER SOURCES
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Jitendra Mazee
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jitendra05
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Re: INCOME FORM OTHER SOURCES - February 25th, 2016

Quote:
Originally Posted by faaiz View Post
INCOME FORM OTHER SOURCES

STRUCTURE
9.0 Introduction
9.1 Objective
9.2 Incomes Specified in Section 56
9.3 Incomes not Specified in Section 56
9.4 Taxability of Select Income
9.4.1 Taxability of dividend
9.4.2 Taxability of Winning
9.4.3 Taxability of Interest on Securities
9.4.4 Taxability of family pension
9.5 Let us Sum Up
9.6 Glossary
9.7 Self Assessment Exercise
9.0 INTRODUCTION
There are some incomes, which are exempt, while others are taxable. The
taxability of Income is either under the head salary, house property, business
income or capital gain. All of these heads of income are mentioned under section
16 of the income tax act. You have read about these income heads in the previous
lessons.
The incomes, which are neither covered under the above heads of salary, house
property, business income, or capital gain, are covered in the head of income from
other sources. This head of income is a residual head because it tries to cover all
other incomes which are uncovered and which are not exempt from tax.
9.1 OBJECTIVE
After going through this lesson you will be able to understand the various
incomes, which are included in the income from other sources. Also you will be
able to understand how income from dividend, income by way of interest is taxed
and the concepts of grossing and net.
9.2 INCOMES SPECIFIED IN SECTION 56
134
Income of every kind which are to be taxed, and which are not included in the
income heads of Salary, House Property, Capital Gains, Profession and Business
shall be charged under the head Income from Other Sources.
Income chargeable under this head shall be computed as per the method of
accounting followed by assesses. There are two methods of accounting namely
cash basis and mercantile basis. In the cash basis of accounting the income is
recognized only on its actual receipt and expenses are recognized only on its
actual payment. However, in mercantile basis of accounting the income is
recognized even before its actual receipt and expense is recognized even before its
actual payment.
Illustration 9.1 ABC Ltd. has sold goods worth Rs. 5 lakh in cash
and Rs. 12 lakh on credit and purchased goods worth Rs. 2 lakh in cash and Rs. 6
lakh on credit. Determine the profit on cash basis and mercantile basis of
accounting.
Solution: Profit on cash basis:
Sales will be Rs. 5 lakh and purchase will be Rs. 2 lakh. Thus, profit will be sales
minus purchase i.e., Rs. 3 lakh.
Profit on Mercantile basis:
Sales will be Rs. 17 lakh (both cash and credit) and purchase will be Rs. 8 lakh
(both cash and credit). Thus, profit will be sales minus purchase i.e., Rs. 9 lakh.
Following incomes are specifically mentioned in the I .T. Act U/s 56, which are
included in the income from other sources:
1. Dividend
2. Interest on securities if not chargeable under the head business or
profession.
3. Wining from lotteries, crossword puzzles, races including horse races,
card games and any other sort of games or gambling or betting of any
form.
4. Income from machine, plant or furniture let on hire.
5. Income from machinery, plant, or furniture along with building and letting
thereof is inseparable.
6. Any sum received under a key-man insurance policy including bonus if
not taxable as salary or business income.
Dividend is the share of profit, which is distributed by the company to its
shareholders; this is an income for shareholders. Interest on securities means
interest on debentures, bonds etc. which is an income of the person receiving
this interest. Letting machine, plant, furniture generates the rental income. We
135
will study the taxation of the first three incomes i.e., dividend, interest and
winning briefly in the paragraphs given below.
9.3 INCOMES NOT SPECIFIED IN SECTION 56
Following incomes are not mentioned in the Income Tax Act but are to be
charged to tax. Therefore, these incomes are also included in the head of income
from other sources.
1. Income from subletting
2. Interest on bank deposits and loans and securities.
3. Agricultural income from a place outside India.
4. Rent of plot of land
5. Mining rent and royalty.
6. Casual income under a will, contract, trust deed.
7. Salary payable to a member of parliament.
8. Income from undisclosed sources.
9. Gratuity paid to a director who is not an employee of a company.
10. Any casual income exceeding Rs. 5,000.
CHECK YOUR PROGRESS
Activity A: Name any ten incomes, which are included in the head of income
from other sources.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
Activity B: State whether these are income from other sources or not.
1. Salary of director
2. Salary of M.P`s.
3. Rent of a house.
4. Rent of a plot of land.
5. Rent of a machine let on hire along with building and letting is
separable.
6. Dividend from domestic company.
7. Winning from TV game show like Kaun Banega Carorpati.
9.4 TAXABILITY OF SELECT INCOMES
136
Now, we will discuss in brief the taxability of dividend, winning from lotteries,
interest on securities and family pension.
9.4.1 TAXABILITY OF DIVIDEND
Taxability of Dividends [Sec 56(2)(i)]
Dividends is taxable, irrespective of the fact, whether it is paid in cash or in
kind or it is paid out of taxable income or tax free income whether it is paid
out of revenue profits or capital gains. Dividend includes deemed dividend
mentioned u/s 2(22).
Normally, dividend is taxable on the basis of its declaration while deemed
dividend and interim dividend is taxable on the basis of payment.
A company at the end of the year after calculating its profit recommends the
distribution of some part of its profit to its shareholders. The profit distributed
among shareholders is called dividend.
Generally, dividend is given at the end of financial year. But some high profit
company also gives the dividend in between of the year without calculating its
year-end profits. This dividend is called interim dividend.
Dividends from Indian Company are exempt from tax since 1.6.97. But
dividend from any other company is taxable. Similarly any deemed dividends
U/S 2(22) are also taxable.
Deduction of expenses on collection and interest on loan, taken for investment
in shares, is available against dividend income.
If the dividend is more than the specified limit under section 194 (which is at
present Rs. 2,500 in a year) then the dividend actually received will be after
deducting a specified percentage of tax of TDS (Tax Deducted at Source). In
these cases, some tax is deducted and the balance amount of Dividend is paid
to the shareholder. The balance amount paid to shareholder is called net
dividend or dividend received and the total dividend is called the gross
dividend. Thus,
Gross Dividend = Dividend received + TDS
TDS = Gross Dividend * TDS Rate
Gross Dividend = Dividend received* 100 / (100- TDS)
TDS rate u/s 194 is 20% plus surcharge plus 2% Education cess. The
surcharge vary from case to case.
137
Illustration 9.2 Mr. X received a dividend of Rs. 7000 from a non-domestic
company during the previous year. He spends Rs. 100 towards collection
charges. Calculated the Gross Dividend and income form other sources.
Solution: In this case let us assume for the sake of simplicity that the
surcharge is nil. Thus, TDS will be 20% plus 2% education cess, which comes
to 20.4%.
Gross Dividend = Dividend received *100/ (100-TDS rate)
Gross Dividend = 7000 *100/ (100-20.4)
Gross Dividend = Rs. 8,794
Dividend chargeable as income from other source = Gross dividend minus
Collection charges = Rs. 8,794 – Rs. 100 = Rs. 8,694.
9.4.1 TAXABILITY OF WINNING
Taxability of Wining from Lotteries, cross word puzzles, horse races and card
games etc. is similar to the taxability of dividend with some changes like the rate
of TDS is 30 % plus surcharge plus 2% Education cess, and the exemption
amount is Rs. 5,000 (however it is 2,500 in case of horse races) and no deduction
on account of any expense in relation to the winning is allowed. That is the entire
winning amount is taxable.
Gross amount = Rs. 5,000 + (net income received on wining – 5,000)*100
(100-TDS)
Rs. 5,000 will be Rs. 2,500 in the case of wining from horse races.
Rs. 5,000 is an exemption, which is available because it is a casual receipt.
Winning on lotteries races, crossword puzzles are all casual income.
Illustration 9.3 Mr. X receives Rs. 7000 from a lottery prize won by
him during the previous year. He spends Rs. 100 towards collection charges and
the purchase of ticket. Calculated the Gross winning and income form other
sources.
Solution: In this case let us assume for the sake of simplicity that the
surcharge is nil. Thus, TDS will be 30% plus 2% education cess, which comes to
30.6%.
Gross winning = Rs. 5,000 + (net income received on wining –
5,000)*100
(100-TDS rate)
138
Gross winning = Rs. 5,000 + (7,000– 5,000)*100
(100- 30.6)
Gross winning = Rs. 7,881
Winning chargeable as income from other source or Gross Winning =Rs. 7,881.
Note: The collection charges are not deductible in case of winning.
CHECK YOUR PROGRESS
Activity C: Mr. X, receives Rs. 15000 from a horse race won by him during
the previous year. He spends Rs. 500 towards the cost of ticket purchased and
collection charges and the purchase of ticket. Calculated the Gross winning and
income form other sources.
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9.4.1 TAXABILITY OF INTEREST ON SECURITIES
Taxability of interest on securities is also similar to the taxability of dividend with
some changes like the rate of TDS is 10 % plus surcharge plus 2% Education cess
(20% plus surcharge plus 2% education cess in case of unlisted securities) and the
exemption amount is Rs. 5,000 and Deductions on interest income are collection
charges interest on loan and any other revenue expense incurred fully for the
purpose of interest is allowed.
Gross interest = Net received * 100 / (100 – TDS rate)
In case of tax-free govt. Securities, grossing up is not required as there is no
deduction or TDS. However, grossing up is required in case of following
securities.
1. Tax-free non govt. Securities
2. Less tax non govt. Securities
139
3. Less tax govt. Securities
Rate of TDS
Govt. Securities - 10% plus education cess; Listed securities – 10% plus
education cess; Unlisted non-govt. Securities - 20% plus education cess.
Illustration 9.4 Mr. X received a dividend of Rs. 7000 from a listed
security during the previous year. He spends Rs. 100 towards collection charges.
Calculated the Gross Dividend and income form other sources.
Solution: In this case let us assume for the sake of simplicity that the
surcharge is nil. Thus, TDS will be 10% plus 2% education cess, which comes to
10.2%.
Gross Interest = Interest received *100/ (100-TDS rate)
Gross Interest = 7000 *100/ (100-10.2)
Gross Interest = Rs. 7795
Interest chargeable as income from other source = Gross Interest minus Collection
charges = Rs. 7,795 – Rs. 100 = Rs. 7,695.
9.4.4 TAXABILITY OF FAMILY PENSION
Taxable as income from other sources, a standard deduction of 1/3rd of pension or
Rs. 15,000 whichever is less is allowed.
Activity D: Find the gross amount under following cases:
1. Dividend Received Rs. 12,000
2. Interest on listed securities received Rs. 2300
3. Wining received from TV game show Rs. 1, 00,000.
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9.5 LET US SUM UP
140
All those incomes which are not exempt and are to be taxed and are at the same
time not covered in any of the four heads of income namely salary, house
property, capital gains and business and profession is included in the head of
income from other sources. The income included here is taxable on cash or
mercantile basis whichever method assessee follows. There are certain incomes,
which are specifically mentioned in section 56 of the income tax act to be
included in the head of income from other sources, but there are various other
incomes, which are not specified in section 56 of the income tax act but are still
included in the income from other sources. If the tax is deducted at source then it
is clubbed back in the income and then the whole of the income is included in the
income from other source, in other words, if tax is deducted at source ad the
balance income is received then the tax so deducted is added back in the income
so received and then the whole of income is included in the income from other
sources.
9.6 GLOSSARY
Accounting: accounting is a process recording the financial transaction to find
out the profit from such transactions.
TDS: TDS stands for tax deducted at source, i.e., tax is deducted from the money
to be received by the assessee. This scheme of TDS is aimed at collection of tax
right at the point where income is earned.
Gambling and Speculation: gambling means to make a bet and speculation
means to guess in order to earn something, money or any other valuable item.
9.7 SELF ASSESSMENT EXCERCISE
1. Enumerate any five items of income, which are included under the head
income from other sources.
2. Define Dividend. Discuss the taxability of dividend.
3. What are the incomes, which are included under the subhead of winning?
What is the rate of tax on such incomes?
9.8 FURTHER AND SUGGESTED READINGS
1. Dinkar Pagare; Law and Practice of Income Tax; Sultan Chand & Sons;
latest edition
2. Girish Ahuja and Ravi Gupta; An Elementary Approach to Income Tax &
Sales Tax; Bharat Publications; latest edition.
3. H.C. Mehrotra; Income-tax Law and Accounts; Sahitya Bhawan; latest
edition.
141
4. Mahesh Chandra & D.C. Shukla; Income-tax Law and Practice; Pragati
Publications; latest edition.
5. Singhania Dr. Vinod K and Monica Singhania; Students’ Guide to
Income Tax; Taxmann Publications Pvt. Ltd.; latest edition.
Hey faaiz, this is really impressive work and i would like to say thanks for sharing this article. I am also uploading a document where people can get more detailed information and can use it for their project and other work.
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