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players in stock market

players in stock market

Discuss players in stock market within the Stock Markets Tips & Gyan !! forums, part of the Quiz , Marketplace and Community games category; Main Stock Market Players If one is interested in investing it is valuable to know who the main players in ...

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players in stock market
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Nadia Kardame
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born2rule
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players in stock market - October 27th, 2007

Main Stock Market Players


If one is interested in investing it is valuable to know who the main players in the stock market game are. The main players in the stock market are the exchanges. Exchanges are where the sellers are matched with buyers to both facilitate trading and to help set the price of the stock shares. As mentioned in the history section, the primary exchanges are the NASDAQ, the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE), all of the ECNs (electronic communication networks) and several other regional exchanges like the American Stock Exchange and the Pacific Stock Exchange. Not too long ago, all of the trading was done through the traditional exchanges (like the NYSE, American and Pacific Exchanges), but today most of the stock market trading is done through the NASDAQ, which uses ECNs and other firms with access to the NASDAQ to facilitate trading.

One of the foremost and most prominent exchanges for investing in the stock market is the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE). It is also is one of the largest stock market exchanges in the world. The NYSE is operated by the not-for-profit corporation New York Stock Exchange, Inc, with its main building located at 18 Broad Street, at the corner of Wall Street, in New York City, New York, U.S.A. It is home to some 2,800 companies whose stock is valued at nearly $15 trillion in global market capitalization. Investing your money on NYSE, unlike those on some other more "virtual" exchanges (e.g. NASDAQ), always involve face-to-face communication in a particular physical location. There is a podium/desk on the trading floor for each of the members of the stock exchange. Exchange members interested in buying and selling a particular stock on behalf of investors meet in a predetermined spot, where a NYSE employee facilitates the stock price negotiations between buyers and sellers.


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Nadia Kardame
born2rule is a jewel in the roughborn2rule is a jewel in the roughborn2rule is a jewel in the roughborn2rule is a jewel in the rough
 
born2rule
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Re: players in stock market - October 28th, 2007

The stock market term "blue chip" comes from poker, where the blue chips carry the highest value. Large, established firms with a long record of profit growth, dividend payout and a reputation for quality management, products and services are referred to as Blue Chip companies. These firms are generally leaders in their industries and are considered likely candidates for long-term growth. Because Blue Chip companies are held in such high esteem, they often set the standards by which other types of companies in their fields are measured. Well-known blue chips include IBM, Coca-Cola, General Electric and McDonald's.

Blue chip stocks are included in the Dow Jones Industrial Average, an index comprised of 30 companies that are all major players in their respective industries. Popular among individual and institutional investors alike, the 30 stocks listed on the Dow account for about one fifth of the total market value (over $8 trillion) of all U.S. stocks. The types of Investors blue chip stocks attract are the ones who seek investments that pay moderate dividend yields and grow. These types of stock are usually priced high because of their demand, have relatively low volatility and deliver a steady stream of dividends. The main downside is that, since they are so large, they have little room to appreciate, compared to smaller, up-and-coming types of stock.

PENNY STOCKS

Penny stocks are low-priced, speculative stocks that are very risky. These stocks are generally issued by the type of companies with a short or erratic history of revenues and earnings. They are the lowest of the low in price and many stock market exchanges choose not trade them.

Penny stocks (also called designated securities) have these specific qualities: they sell for less than $5, they are sold over the counter (but not on the NASDAQ), and their companies have 2 million dollars or less in net tangible assets. They are listed daily on the Pink Sheets.

The appeal of penny stocks comes from their low price. Though the odds are against it, if the company that issued them suddenly finds itself on a growth track, their stock share price can rise rapidly. This type of stocks is popular among small speculators.

INCOME STOCKS

Income stocks are stocks that pay higher-than-average dividends over a sustained period. These above average dividends tend to be paid by large, established companies with stable earnings. Utilities and telephone company stocks are often classified as income stock types.

Income stocks are popular with types of persons investing for steady income for a long time and who do not need much growth in their stock's value (though some growth does occur). In this sense, investors who choose them have something in common with bondholders. Income stocks can actually be more profitable than bonds. To maximize income, some investors will even seek out companies that frequently raise their dividends and are not saddled with debt.

VALUE STOCKS

A value stock is a type of stock that is currently selling at a low price. Companies that have good earnings and growth potential but whose stock prices do not reflect this are considered value companies. Both the stock market and people investing in it are largely ignoring their stocks. Investors who buy value stocks believe that these stocks are only temporarily out of favor and will soon experience great growth. Any number of factors such as new management, a new product or operations that are more efficient may make a value stock grow quickly.

Many companies alternate between value and growth types of classification. It is a normal aspect of the business cycle. Investing in value stocks is attractive for those who watch markets carefully for undervalued stocks they feel will move upward.

OTHER TYPE OF STOCKS

Defensive stocks are those whose prices stay stable when the market declines and are issued by industries that naturally do well during recessions. Food and utilities companies are defensive stocks. Debt collection companies also tend to perform well when the market turns sour.

Cyclical stocks are a type of stocks that move up or down in sync with the business cycle. Examples include the housing industry and industrial equipment companies, because these companies serve the needs of growing economies. Investors who do not mind buying and selling as the market fluctuates tend to like cyclical stocks. Individuals who prefer to hold a stock for a long time may not like them unless they can weather ups and downs in the stock's value.

Gold stocks are the stocks of gold-mining companies. Their value moves up or down with the price of gold.

Treasury stock is a type of stock that has been bought back by the company that issued it. Companies may buy their stock back from investors when they believe it is underpriced on the market. The company can then set aside the stock for future uses such as debt payment or the awarding of stock options.
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Nadia Kardame
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born2rule
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Re: players in stock market - October 28th, 2007

Stock Market History


History of stock market trading in the United States can be traced back to over 200 years ago. Historically, The colonial government decided to finance the war by selling bonds, government notes promising to pay out at profit at a later date. Around the same time private banks began to raise money by issuing stocks, or shares of the company to raise their own money. This was a new market, and a new form of investing money, and a great scheme for the rich to get richer. A little futher on the history tumeline, more specifically in 1792, a meeting of twenty four large merchants resulted into a creation of a market known as the New York Stock Exchange(NYSE). At the meeting, the merchants agreed to meet daily on Wall Street to daily trade stocks and bonds.

Further in history, in the mid-1800s, United States was experiencing rapid growth. Companies needed funds to assist in expansion required to meet the new demand. Companies also realized that investors would be interested in buying stock, partial ownership in the company. History has shown that stocks have facilitated the expansion of the companies and the great potential of the recently founded stock market was becoming increasingly apparent to both the investors and the companies.

By 1900, millions of dollars worth of stocks were traded on the street market. In 1921, after twenty years of street trading, the stock market moved indoors.

History brought us the Industrial Revolution, which also played a role in changing the face of the stock market. New form of investing began to emerge when people started to realize that profits could be made by re-selling the stock to others who saw value in a company. This was the beginning of the secondary market, known also as the speculators market. This market was more volatile than before, because it was now fueled by highly subjective speculation about the company’s future.

This was the pretext for appearance of such stock market giants as NYSE. History books tell us that the reason the NYSE is so highly regarded among stock markets was primarily because they only trade in the very large and well-established companies. It acted as a more stable investment alternative, for people interested in throwing their capital into the stock market arena. The smaller companies making up the stock market formed into what eventually became the American Stock Exchange (AMEX). Contrary to the 80-year old history, today the NYSE, AMEX, NASDAQ and hundreds of other exchange markets make a significant contribution to the national and global economy.

The growth in the number of market participants led the government to decide that more regulation of the stock market was needed to protect those investing in stock. History was made in 1934, when following the Great Crash, Congress passed the Securities and Exchange Act. This act formed the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), which, through the rules set out by the act and succeeding amendments, regulates American stock market trading with the help of the exchanges. It also includes overseeing the requirements for a company to issue stock shares to the public and ensures that the company offers relevant information to potential investors. The SEC also oversees the daily actions of market exchanges and how they trade the securities offered.

Although historically, investing in stocks was a “hobby” for the rich, an average person too soon came to realize the value of the investing in stocks vs. traditional assets like land or a house.
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