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Factors influencing Tourism Products.
Factors influencing Tourism Products. - September 8th, 2010
The Tourism Product- Factors Governing Demand.
Because of the unique nature of the nature of tourism product- it being an amalgam of the characteristics of a destination and the infrastructural as well as managerial efforts of the promoter, the determinants of tourists demand emanate from both individual tourist motivations and the economic, social, technological factors. Some of these are:
• Income Levels
In the last 30 years, disposable incomes around the world have shown upward trends, thus allowing more money for activities like leisure travel. Smaller families have meant higher allocations per person in the family. More and more women are entering the workforce and in real terms the cost of travel has fallen. The dramatic rise of tourism in the last 50 years can be attributed in a large measure to the combined effect of more leisure time and rise in both real and disposable incomes.
• More Leisure time:
Increasing unionization of labour right from 1930 onwards has reduced the number of working hours per week. Changing managerial orientations towards human resources have increased the levels of pay and paid vacation time in most developed countries. Now people have longer periods of leisure, which could be allocated to travel.
Better transportation and communication services have made the world a smaller place, and have brought both exposure and awareness of distant lands to larger sections of potential tourists across the world. Faster modes of transport have cut down on travel time, making it easier for people to economically plan and execute trips abroad.
• Growth in Government Security Programmes and Employment Benefits:
The growth in government security programmes and well entrenched policies of employee benefits mean that quite a large number of families may have long term financial security and may be more willing to spend money for vacations.
Tourists can be classified into the following seven demand categories:-
1. Explorer: - Very limited in number, these tourists are looking for discovery and involvement with local people.
2. Elite: - People who favour special, individually trips to exotic places.
3. Offbeat: - These are filled with a desire to get away from the usual humdrum life.
4. Unusual: - Visitors who are looking forward to trips with peculiar objectives such as physical danger or isolation.
5. Incipient mass: - A steady flow, traveling alone or in small-organized groups using some shared services.
6. Mass: - The general packaged tour market, leading to tourist enclaves abroad.
7. Charter: - Mass travel to relaxation destinations, which incorporate as many as standardized, developed world facilities as possible.
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