Types of tobacco -
September 20th, 2010
Types of tobacco
There are seven major categories of tobacco, viz
Flue cured Virginia tobacco (FCV)
Bark flue cured
Light flue cured cigar
Dark flue cured
Flue cured virginia tobacco is mainly used for manufacture of cigarettes.
Light air cured tobacco is used in the manufacture of bidis.
Unmanufactured tobacco is also consumed in India, for chewing purpose.
World tobacco production
Asia and America, together account for 75% of world's production of tobacco. China, USA and India are the three leading producing nations in the world. Other major tobacco producing countries are Brazil, USSR, Turkey, Italy, Zimbabwe, Indonesia, Bulgaria and Japan.
In the last 30 years, global area under crop has hovered around 4.5m hectares. However, production has risen from 4.5mn ton in 1960's to 7.8mn ton in the 90's.
Major players in world market are USA, Brazil. India has the same advantages as Brazil ie skilled labour, low production cost, good infrastructure in terms of power, technology etc.
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