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Prasar Bharti Bill 1990

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Sunanda K. Chavan
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Prasar Bharti Bill 1990 - October 27th, 2010

Prasar Bharti Bill 1990

The Prasar Bharati Act ,1990 was passed to provide for the establishment of a Broadcasting Corporation for India, to be known as Prasar Bharati. It says that it shall be the primary duty of the Corporation to organise and conduct public broadcasting services to inform, educate and entertain the public and to ensure a balanced development of broadcasting on radio and television.
Key definitions in the Act

In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires,-

a) "Akashvani" means the offices, stations and other establishments that formed part or were under the Director-General, All India Radio of the Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.

b) "broadcasting" means the dissemination of any form of communication like signs, signals, writing, pictures, images and sounds of all kinds by transmission intended to be received by the general public either directly or indirectly;

c) "Doordarshan" means the offices, kendras and other establishments, by whatever name called, formed part of or were under the Director-General, Doordarshan of the Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting;

d) "kendra" means any telecasting centre with studios or transmitters or both and includes a relay station.
According to the Act, the Prasar Bharti or Broadcasting Corporation of India was supposed to be a permanent body with it headquarters in New Delhi and offices, kendras or stations in various other places.
The powers of carrying out various functions in the Prasar Bharti would vest with the Prasar Bharti Board as specified under the Act.

The Board shall consist of a Chairperson, an executive member, six part time members, one representative from the Union Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, two more representatives from the corporation.

Functions of the Corporation:

1. To educate, inform, entertain general public through its public broadcasting services and also maintain a balanced performance in both radio and television broadcast.

2. The Corporation must at all times keep in mind that the programmes being broadcast by them must work towards national unity and integration and also throw special emphasis on the needs of the weaker sections of the society like women, children, backward classes etc. Also educational programmes for working classes like farmers and youth should be given importance.

3. The Corporation may purchase the rights or privileges of certain events, sports or politics or anything of public interest and broadcast them.

4. The Central Government will have a say in the maximum time limit allowed for broadcast of advertisements so that adequate time is made available to fulfill all the objectives of the Act. However, the Corporation shall have the right to determine the fees to be levied on the clients although under the limit specified by the Government which is subject to change from time to time.
Powers of the Central Government of the Corporation

The Central Government may at any point of time issue directions to the Corporation which are considered to be in broader view of the unity, sovereignty and integration of the country. It may also ask the Corporation to furnish it with any information necessary at any point of time.
Thus the Prasar
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