Organisational Structure of J. C. Penny -
February 4th, 2011
J. C. Penney Company, Inc. (NYSE: JCP) is a chain of American mid-range department stores based in Plano, Texas, a suburb north of Dallas. The company operates 1,107 department stores in all 50 U.S. states  and Puerto Rico. JCPenney also operates catalog sales merchant offices nationwide in many small markets.
Most JCPenney stores are located in suburban shopping malls. Previously, most stores were located in downtown areas. As shopping malls became more popular in the latter half of the 20th century, JCPenney followed the trend by relocating its stores to anchor the malls. In more recent years, the chain has continued to follow consumer traffic, echoing the retailing trend of opening some standalone stores, including some next door to competitors. Certain stores are located in power centers and can be considered big-box stores. The company has been an Internet retailer since 1998. It has streamlined its catalog and distribution while undergoing renovation improvements at store level.
In addition to selling conventional merchandise, JCPenney stores often house several leased departments such as Sephora, Optical, Portrait Studios and Jewelry & Watch repair.
JCPenney also features discount outlet stores. Some of these were converted from regular JCPenney stores.
Human Resources & Administra...
Newcomers to an organization, then, will probably first become familiar with that which is distinguished from the rest of the organization, such as high-profile or distinctive individuals, units, or spaces. Thus an active manager stands a better chance of being noted than her office-bound, isolated colleague.
There are almost as many ways to categorize organizations by size as there are kinds of organizations. Financial institutions may measure size by assets, deposits, loans, number of employees, or number of branches. Airlines, such as American or Delta, use passenger miles, number of employees, or number of aircraft. Perhaps the major generalization one can make about size is that, in most cases, the larger the organization the more complex its structure.
Every organization must arrange its activities to reach its goals. Organizational structure is the blueprint for this arrangement. It is the way an organization is tied together. Managers need to know about structure for a variety of reasons. Knowledge about how organizations are put together helps managers understand 'the big picture'. Without some knowledge of structure, it is difficult to know how the human resources of an organization are deployed and where these resources are located, what information may be gained from them, and what contribution they might be expected to make to the organization.
Structure gives clues to the location of power and is a indicator of a company's management philosophy. Structure should reflect and facilitate the achievement of an organization's goals. In sum, a manager can better understand her own place in the fabric of the whole by knowing something about structure.
Last edited by netrashetty; February 4th, 2011 at 04:17 PM..