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Human Resource Management of iRobot

Discuss Human Resource Management of iRobot within the Human Resources Management (H.R) forums, part of the PUBLISH / UPLOAD PROJECT OR DOWNLOAD REFERENCE PROJECT category; Founded in 1990 and incorporated in Delaware in 2000, the iRobot Corporation designs robots such as an autonomous home vacuum ...



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Human Resource Management of iRobot
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Netra Shetty
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Human Resource Management of iRobot - January 27th, 2011

Founded in 1990 and incorporated in Delaware in 2000, the iRobot Corporation designs robots such as an autonomous home vacuum cleaner (Roomba), the Scooba that scrubs and cleans hard floors, and military and police robots, such as the PackBot. iRobot is a public corporation (NASDAQ: IRBT), based in Bedford, Massachusetts.

As it can be that the proponents, Dowling and Welch (Cited from, 2004) had identified such difference that incur relevance among HR execution from within the perspectives of global dominance of such MNC particularly in the UK. As such the arguments that there has been lots of work to be done while there is HR operations upon the MNC environment, as drivers of the HR function should undergo series of engagements as it is necessary in adopting better MNC business along with processes that go on business relations and humanitarian services respectively. The wider the HR perspective of MNC’s the more it is that, such HR managers will impose better staff oriented programs as it can serve as skills development within the workforce. Concomitantly, some of the MNC’s HR drivers in people management will basically need the process of demonstration of job specifications as designed for such individual staff or group of staff alleviating great work involvement within the MNC’s employees' as a whole. Thus, the one imperative sanction of MNC’s HR can be posited in ways catering to the staff growth like in the manner of providing health care benefits that may include the staff’s family members that will depend as to how mature the MNC’s are in establishing win-win situation in their HR process. Thus, as MNC’s in the UK do mature in their responsibility, such reliance on expatriate employees can possibly reduce such drivers consequence that such HR role do put emphasis for certain issues concerned within expatriate management as there is incorporation of such challenges among the MNC employees that requires such diverse focus towards the HR structure and ways. The management of HR in global aspect can do bring some of exposures towards risks centering on people within the MNC’s that affects expatriate role on the company along with failures of global business operations from within norms (Cited from, Scullion, 2001) and several HR factors making MNC’s issues hard to resolve due to work pressure as well as pressure towards colleagues as there takes interest among UK MNC’s due to such unbalanced nature of the business and its profile deliverance.

Accordingly, it is believed that such executives of MNC firms are realizing the significance of HR practices that can be ideal sense for making sure facets of profitability and viability of MNC business operations from within HR integration approaches. Aside, certain issues relating to MNC’s HR can fall under views that such “HR issues and problems arising from global MNC business, and HRM strategies as well as practices which MNC firms pursue in response to the marketing of the business globally”

variable of HR policies and practices tend to lack ‘precision and detail’ in terms of the
precise nature of the environment linkages, and that ‘much of the work on the linkages
has been developed at an abstract and highly generalized level’ (p. 36).
In the late 1980s, Purcell made a significant contribution to research on
business–HRM strategy. Drawing on the literature on ‘strategic choice’ in industrial
relations (for example Kochan et al., 1986; Thurley & Wood, 1983) and using the
notion of a hierarchy of strategy, Purcell (1989) identified what he called, ‘upstream’
and ‘downstream’ types of strategic decision. The upstream or ‘first-order’ strategic
decisions are concerned with the long-term direction of the corporation. If a firstorder
decision is made to take over another enterprise, for example a French company
acquiring a water company in southern England, a second set of considerations
applies concerning the extent to which the new operation is to be integrated with or
separate from existing operations. These are classified as downstream or ‘secondorder’,
strategic decisions. Different HR strategies are called ‘third-order’ strategic decisions
because they establish the basic parameters for managing people in the
workplace. Purcell (1989, p. 71) wrote, ‘[in theory] strategy in human resources
management is determined in the context of first-order, long-run decisions on the
direction and scope of the firm’s activities and purpose … and second-order decisions
on the structure of the firm’.
In a major study of HRM in multidivisional companies, Purcell and Ahlstrand
(1994) argue that what actually determines HR strategy will be determined by decisions
at all three levels and by the ability and leadership style of local managers to
follow through goals in the context of specific environmental conditions. Case study
analysis has, however, highlighted the problematic nature of strategic choice modelbuilding.
The conception of strategic choice might exaggerate the ability of managers
to make decisions and take action independent of the environmental contexts in
which they do business (Colling, 1995).
Another part of the strategic HRM debate has focused on the integration or ‘fit’ of
business strategy with HR strategy. This shift in managerial thought, calling for the HR
function to be ‘strategically integrated’, is depicted in Beer et al.’s (1984) model of
HRM. The authors espoused the need to establish a close two-way relationship or ‘fit’
between the external business strategy and the elements of the internal HR strategy:
Strategic Human Resource Management 47
Figure 2.5 Environment as a mediating variable for human resource management strategies
Source: Bamberger and Phillips (1991)
Environmental influences Business strategy
Human resource strategy
‘An organization’s HRM policies and practices must fit with its strategy in its competitive
environment and with the immediate business conditions that it faces’ (Beer et
al., 1984, p. 25). The concept of integration has three aspects:
the linking of HR policies and practices with the strategic management process
of the organization
the internalization of the importance of HR on the part of line managers
the integration of the workforce into the organization to foster commitment or
an ‘identity of interest’ with the strategic goals.
Not surprisingly, this approach to SHRM has been referred to as the ‘matching’ model.
The matching model
Early interest in the ‘matching’ model was evident in Devanna et al.’s (1984) work:
‘HR systems and organizational structure should be managed in a way that is
congruent with organizational strategy’ (p. 37). This is close to Chandler’s (1962)
distinction between strategy and structure and his often-quoted maxim that ‘structure
follows strategy’. In the Devanna et al. model, HRM–strategy–structure follow and feed
upon one another and are influenced by environmental forces (Figure 2.6).
Similarly, the notion of ‘fit’ between an external competitive strategy and the
internal HR strategy is a central tenet of the HRM model advanced by Beer et al.

the HRM strategy’ (Beer et al., 1984, p. 13). The relationship between
business strategy and HR strategy is said to be ‘reactive’ in the sense that HR strategy
is subservient to ‘product market logic’ and the corporate strategy. The latter is
assumed to be the independent variable (Boxall, 1992; Purcell & Ahlstrand, 1994). As
Miller (1987, cited in Boxall, 1992, p. 66) emphasizes, ‘HRM cannot be conceptualized
as a stand-alone corporate issue. Strategically speaking it must flow from and be
dependent upon the organization’s (market oriented) corporate strategy’. There is
some theorization of the link between product markets and organizational design, and
approaches to people management. Thus, for example, each Porterian competitive
strategy involves a unique set of responses from workers, or ‘needed role behaviours’,
and a particular HR strategy that might generate and reinforce a unique pattern of
behaviour (Cappelli & Singh, 1992; Schuler & Jackson, 1987). HRM is therefore seen
to be ‘strategic by virtue of its alignment with business strategy and its internal consistency

Management would always prefer existing employees for promotion against vacancies. However, if experienced person is not available within the company, management has the right to employ experienced persons from outside in the best interest of the company.
Department head will recommend the employee for promotion to the vacant position and Human Resource department will determine the salary within the available grade, based on the performance and his education and experience. All promotions will be approved by the Chief Financial Officer.

Moving the employee through a pre-planned series of positions in order to prepare the person for an enhanced role with the company is job rotation. company also follow the job rotation policy to make their employee learn and enhance their skills. This will lead them to the development of their career. In , this policy is practiced within a department. They change the jobs within to increase their skills and to let them know the whole process of the department. This process increases the productivity and efficiency of an employee

Last edited by netrashetty; January 27th, 2011 at 11:17 AM..
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