ManagementParadise.com : Worlds Leading Management Portal. MBA | Classroom, Boardroom and Beyond


Go Back   ManagementParadise.com Forums - Your MBA Online Degree Program and Management Students Forum for MBA,BMS, MMS, BMM, BBA, students & aspirants. > Projects HUB for Management Students ( MBA Projects and dissertations / BMS Projects / BBA Projects > PUBLISH / UPLOAD PROJECT OR DOWNLOAD REFERENCE PROJECT > Financial Management

Types of FDI

Types of FDI

Discuss Types of FDI within the Financial Management forums, part of the PUBLISH / UPLOAD PROJECT OR DOWNLOAD REFERENCE PROJECT category; By Direction Inward This short section requires expansion. Inward foreign direct investment is a particular form of inward investment when ...

Reply

 

LinkBack Thread Tools Display Modes
Advertisements
Types of FDI
Old
 (1 (permalink))
Sunanda K. Chavan
sunandaC has a spectacular aura aboutsunandaC has a spectacular aura aboutsunandaC has a spectacular aura about
 
sunandaC
Management Paradise Guru
 
Status: Offline
Posts: 6,685
Join Date: Jul 2010
Types of FDI - October 29th, 2010

By Direction
Inward

This short section requires expansion.

Inward foreign direct investment is a particular form of inward investment when foreign capital is invested in local resources.
Inward FDI is encouraged by:
• Tax breaks, subsidies, low interest loans, grants, lifting of certain restrictions
• The thought is that the long term gain is worth short term loss of income
Inward FDI is restricted by:
• Ownership restraints or limits
• Differential performance requirements
Outward

This short section requires expansion.

Outward foreign direct investment, sometimes called "direct investment abroad", is when local capital is invested in foreign resources. Yet it can also be used to invest in imports and exports from a foreign commodity country.
Outward FDI is encouraged by:
• Government-backed insurance to cover risk
Outward FDI is restricted by:
• Tax incentives or disincentives on firms that invest outside of the home country or on repatriated profits
• Subsidies for local businesses
• Leftist government policies that support the nationalization of industries (or at least a modicum of government control)
• Self-interested lobby groups and societal sectors who are supported by inward FDI or state investment, for example labour markets and agriculture.
• Security industries are often kept safe from outwards FDI to ensure localised state control of the military industrial complex
[edit] By Target
Greenfield investment
Main article: Greenfield investment
Direct investment in new facilities or the expansion of existing facilities. Greenfield investments are the primary target of a host nation’s promotional efforts because they create new production capacity and jobs, transfer technology and know-how, and can lead to linkages to the global marketplace. The Organization for International Investment cites the benefits of greenfield investment (or insourcing) for regional and national economies to include increased employment (often at higher wages than domestic firms); investments in research and development; and additional capital investments. Criticism of the efficiencies obtained from greenfield investments include the loss of market share for competing domestic firms. Another criticism of greenfield investment is that profits are perceived to bypass local economies, and instead flow back entirely to the multinational's home economy. Critics contrast this to local industries whose profits are seen to flow back entirely into the domestic economy.
[edit] Mergers and Acquisitions
Main article: Mergers and Acquisitions
Transfers of existing assets from local firms to foreign firms takes place; the primary type of FDI. Cross-border mergers occur when the assets and operation of firms from different countries are combined to establish a new legal entity. Cross-border acquisitions occur when the control of assets and operations is transferred from a local to a foreign company, with the local company becoming an affiliate of the foreign company. Unlike greenfield investment, acquisitions provide no long term benefits to the local economy-- even in most deals the owners of the local firm are paid in stock from the acquiring firm, meaning that the money from the sale could never reach the local economy. Nevertheless, mergers and acquisitions are a significant form of FDI and until around 1997, accounted for nearly 90% of the FDI flow into the United States. Mergers are the most common way for multinationals to do FDI.

Horizontal FDI
Investment in the same industry abroad as a firm operates in at home.

Vertical FDI

Backward Vertical FDI

Where an industry abroad provides inputs for a firm's domestic production process.

Forward Vertical FDI
Where an industry abroad sells the outputs of a firm's domestic production.

By Motive
FDI can also be categorized based on the motive behind the investment from the perspective of the investing firm:

Resource-Seeking
Investments which seek to acquire factors of production that are more efficient than those obtainable in the home economy of the firm. In some cases, these resources may not be available in the home economy at all (e.g. cheap labor and natural resources). This typifies FDI into developing countries, for example seeking natural resources in the Middle East and Africa, or cheap labor in Southeast Asia and Eastern Europe.

Market-Seeking
Investments which aim at either penetrating new markets or maintaining existing ones. FDI of this kind may also be employed as defensive strategy;[2] it is argued that businesses are more likely to be pushed towards this type of investment out of fear of losing a market rather than discovering a new one.[3] This type of FDI can be characterized by the foreign dddMergers and Acquisitions in the 1980’s by Accounting, Advertising and
Law firms.

Efficiency-Seeking
Investments which firms hope will increase their efficiency by exploiting the benefits of economies of scale and scope, and also those of common ownership. It is suggested that this type of FDI comes after either resource or market seeking investments have been realized, with the expectation that it further increases the profitability of the firm.

Strategic-Asset-Seeking
A tactical investment to prevent the loss of resource to a competitor. Easily compared to that of the oil producers, whom may not need the oil at present, but look to prevent their competitors from having it.

Opposition
The late 1960s and early 1970s foreign direct investment became increasingly politicized. Organized labor, convinced that foreign investment exported jobs, undertook a major campaign to reform the tax provisions which affected foreign direct investment.

The Foreign Trade and Investment Act of 1973 (or the Burke-Hartke Bill) would have eliminated both the tax credit and tax deferral. The Nixon Administration, influential members of Congress of both parties, and well-financed lobbying organizations came to the defense of the multinational. The massive counterattack of the multinational corporations and their allies defeated this first major challenge to their interests
Advertisements
Friends: (0)
Reply With Quote
Related to Types of FDI
 

Similar Threads

Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
TYPES OF FDI Sunanda K. Chavan Financial Management ( FM ) 1 July 30th, 2014 05:21 PM
NEED NOTES ON TYPES OF ETHICS & TYPES OF BUSINESS ETHICS Piyush Gundecha Business Ethics and corporate governance 3 December 10th, 2011 07:17 PM
Types of FDI Sunanda K. Chavan Financial Management ( FM ) 0 October 8th, 2010 11:57 AM
GOODS AND THEIR TYPES Abhijeet S Accountancy 0 September 15th, 2010 10:56 AM
ALL TYPES OF NOTES Shivani Desai Sell / Buy Notes, Products, Services etc. 0 June 26th, 2009 09:37 PM
 

Reply

Bookmarks

Tags
fdi, types

« FDI | FDI Measures »
Thread Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is On
Trackbacks are On
Pingbacks are On
Refbacks are On


Login
Forgot Password?  New User?
  

» Ads





» Recent Threads

competency mapping ( 1 2)
Last post by Shrikant Hire
4 Minutes Ago 02:00 PM
18 Replies
Financial and Management...
Last post by Shrikant Hire
16 Minutes Ago 01:48 PM
5 Replies
What is Gross Domestic...
Last post by Shrikant Hire
19 Minutes Ago 01:45 PM
2 Replies
Feasibility Report ( 1 2 3)
Last post by Shrikant Hire
21 Minutes Ago 01:43 PM
21 Replies
How Flipkart Public...
Last post by Shrikant Hire
22 Minutes Ago 01:42 PM
1 Replies
Mba all semester...
Last post by Shrikant Hire
23 Minutes Ago 01:41 PM
4 Replies
Need notes of FYBMS Sem...
Last post by Shrikant Hire
28 Minutes Ago 01:37 PM
3 Replies
env mgt notes sem 2 bms ( 1 2 3... Last Page)
Last post by Shrikant Hire
29 Minutes Ago 01:35 PM
31 Replies
Should tobacco companies...
Last post by Aishwarya Pathare
35 Minutes Ago 01:29 PM
8 Replies
Hard work or Smart work... ( 1 2)
Last post by Aishwarya Pathare
37 Minutes Ago 01:27 PM
17 Replies
Indians Perform Better... ( 1 2)
Last post by Aishwarya Pathare
38 Minutes Ago 01:26 PM
12 Replies
bms sem 6 software -... ( 1 2 3... Last Page)
Last post by Shrikant Hire
39 Minutes Ago 01:25 PM
32 Replies
Are women dominant ( 1 2 3... Last Page)
Last post by Aishwarya Pathare
42 Minutes Ago 01:22 PM
96 Replies
Good communication.....
Last post by Aishwarya Pathare
44 Minutes Ago 01:20 PM
4 Replies
Wisdom does not come...
Last post by Aishwarya Pathare
46 Minutes Ago 01:18 PM
7 Replies

» Projects Helpline

Need notes of FYBMS Sem...
Last post by Shrikant Hire
28 Minutes Ago 01:37 PM
Solution manual on...
Last post by Andrew Ken
5 Days Ago 06:35 AM
Stock Marketing TYBMS...
Last post by Rajat Audichya
1 Week Ago 05:42 PM
ManagementParadise.com is not responsible for the views and opinion of the posters. The posters and only posters shall be liable for any copyright infringement.


Management Paradise
About Us
Press
Jobs
Contact Us
Kartik Raichura
Legal
Terms & Conditions
Privacy Policy
Disclaimer
Copyrights
Help
Zeitgeist
Support
FAQs
Tour
Feedback
Partners
Follow
Copyright © 2004 - 2013 Management Paradise. Site Developed by Available.co.in