Structure of Indian Financial System -
September 20th, 2010
The structure of the Indian financial system may be summarized in the following way:
Broadly the Indian Financial System may be divided into organized and unorganized segments. The organized market consist of commercial banks, developmental banks, co-operation bank, post banks, office saving banks, stock marketing etc.
Unorganized marketing operations consist of: Hundies, Money lending, Chit funds etc. They operate mainly in rural areas also unrecognized money market activity are quite significant.
There is no precise estimate of the size of the generally expected that the estimate of the size of the unorganized money market transactions would decline over time.
As per the figure the Indian financial system consist of an impressive network of banks and financial institutions and a wide range of financial instruments. There has been a considerable unending and deeding of the Indian financial system, participation the as tow decades.
Banking operations in India are controlled by the Reserve Bank of India (which, as we have instructed is also the official central banks of government). The primary role of RBI is to maintain a monetary equilibrium balance in the economy by formulating various policies from time to time and contradictory the financial instrument of the economy.
The balance sheet identifies for the RBI is as follows:
“Monetary liabilities (ML) + Non monitorial liabilities (NML) = Financial assets (FA) + other assets”.
If net Non Monetary liabilities (NNML) = NML - other assets.
Then the ML = FA - NNML. The monetary liabilities of RBI are also called as Reserve Monetary.
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