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FIXED RATE TO FLEXIBLE EXCHANGE RATE SYSTEM

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FIXED RATE TO FLEXIBLE EXCHANGE RATE SYSTEM
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Sunanda K. Chavan
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FIXED RATE TO FLEXIBLE EXCHANGE RATE SYSTEM - October 8th, 2010

Different countries have adopted different exchange rate systems at different times. The following are some of such systems in brief

 Gold Bullion

In modern times, the operative system of exchange rates has evolved from a gold bullion standard to a system of floating exchange rates with several alternative systems used in between.

The gold bullion standard prevailed from about 1870 until 1914, and intermittently thereafter until 1944. Under this system, central governments defined their currencies in terms of a specific amount of gold bullion and agreed to redeem their currencies at the set rates (mint parities).

However, as a commodity, the international market price of a currency (the exchange rate) would fluctuate above or below parity based on the supply and demand of that currency relative to others.

If excessive demand forced the market price of a currency above the parity band, external debtors found it cheaper to pay their debts in gold. Conversely, if insufficient demand for a currency lowered its market price below the parity band, external creditors demanded payments in gold.


Under this system, unless a country maintained a reasonable trade balance over time, continuing trade deficits would drain its gold reserves. The lower level of gold reserves would, in turn, result in shrinkage of that country's money supply and a lower internal price level.

Lower domestic prices would eventually make the country's products more competitive in the international marketplace. As exports increased, the demand for the country's currency would also increase resulting in an inflow of gold reserves.

With a self-balancing system such as this, the governments' role was a passive one in which they would merely permit the free flow of gold to stabilize economies and exchange rates. Thus, the gold bullion standard acted as an automatic stabilizer, at least in theory.
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Re: FIXED RATE TO FLEXIBLE EXCHANGE RATE SYSTEM
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Rose Marry
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Re: FIXED RATE TO FLEXIBLE EXCHANGE RATE SYSTEM - April 15th, 2016

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Originally Posted by sunandaC View Post
Different countries have adopted different exchange rate systems at different times. The following are some of such systems in brief

 Gold Bullion

In modern times, the operative system of exchange rates has evolved from a gold bullion standard to a system of floating exchange rates with several alternative systems used in between.

The gold bullion standard prevailed from about 1870 until 1914, and intermittently thereafter until 1944. Under this system, central governments defined their currencies in terms of a specific amount of gold bullion and agreed to redeem their currencies at the set rates (mint parities).

However, as a commodity, the international market price of a currency (the exchange rate) would fluctuate above or below parity based on the supply and demand of that currency relative to others.

If excessive demand forced the market price of a currency above the parity band, external debtors found it cheaper to pay their debts in gold. Conversely, if insufficient demand for a currency lowered its market price below the parity band, external creditors demanded payments in gold.


Under this system, unless a country maintained a reasonable trade balance over time, continuing trade deficits would drain its gold reserves. The lower level of gold reserves would, in turn, result in shrinkage of that country's money supply and a lower internal price level.

Lower domestic prices would eventually make the country's products more competitive in the international marketplace. As exports increased, the demand for the country's currency would also increase resulting in an inflow of gold reserves.

With a self-balancing system such as this, the governments' role was a passive one in which they would merely permit the free flow of gold to stabilize economies and exchange rates. Thus, the gold bullion standard acted as an automatic stabilizer, at least in theory.
hi mate,

Here I am uploading Working Study paper on The Determinants of the Choice between Fixed and Flexible Exchange-Rate Regimes, so please download and check it.
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