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Evolution of Entrepreneurship

Evolution of Entrepreneurship

Discuss Evolution of Entrepreneurship within the Entrepreneurship forums, part of the PUBLISH / UPLOAD PROJECT OR DOWNLOAD REFERENCE PROJECT category; hello the attached file is the concept that is the evolution of entrepreneurship u may check it.... it is given ...

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Evolution of Entrepreneurship
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Arrow Evolution of Entrepreneurship - March 2nd, 2006

hello

the attached file is the concept that is the evolution of entrepreneurship


u may check it.... it is given with defination and explainations



byee
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Attached Files
File Type: doc Concept of Entrepreneurship.doc (104.0 KB, 417 views)


PROF. CHAITALI THAKKER
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MBA ( MKTG), BMS (MKTG)..

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Vijith Pujari
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Re: Evolution of Entrepreneurship - March 2nd, 2006

Definition of Entrepreneurship

Researchers have been inconsistent in their definitions of entrepreneurship (Brockhaus & Horwitz, 1986, Sexton & Smilor, Wortman, 1987; Gartner, 1988). Definitions have emphasized a broad range of activities including the creation of organizations (Gartner, 1988), the carrying out of new combinations (Schumpeter, 1934), the exploration of opportunities (Kirzner, 1973), the bearing of uncertainty (Knight 1921), the bringing together of factors of production (Say, 1803), and others (See Long, 1983). The outline below presents some authors definitions of entrepreneurship and attempts to summarize these viewpoints into a more meaningful whole.

Richard Cantillon (circa 1730); Entrepreneurship is defined as self-employment of any sort. Entrepreneurs buy at certain prices in the present and sell at uncertain prices in the future. The entrepreneur is a bearer of uncertainty.

Jean Baptiste Say (1816); The entrepreneur is the agent "who unites all means of production and who finds in the value of the products...the reestablishment of the entire capital he employs, and the value of the wages, the interest, and rent which he pays, as well as profits belonging to himself."

Frank Knight (1921); Entrepreneurs attempt to predict and act upon change within markets. Knight emphasize the entrepreneur's role in bearing the uncertainty of market dynamics. Entrepreneurs are required to perform such fundamental managerial functions as direction and control.

Joseph Schumpeter (1934); The entrepreneur is the innovator who implements change within markets through the carrying out of new combinations. The carrying out of new combinations can take several forms; 1) the introduction of a new good or quality thereof, 2) the introduction of a new method of production, 3) the opening of a new market, 4) the conquest of a new source of supply of new materials or parts, 5) the carrying out of the new organization of any industry. Schumpeter equated entrepreneurship with the concept of innovation applied to a business context. As such, the entrepreneur moves the market away from equilibrium. Schumpter's definition also emphasized the combination of resources. Yet, the managers of already established business are not entrepreneurs to Schumpeter.

Penrose (1963); Entrepreneurial activity involves identifying opportunities within the economic system. Managerial capacities are different from entrepreneurial capacities

Harvey Leibenstein (1968, 1979); the entrepreneur fills market deficiencies through input-completing activities. Entrepreneurship involves "activities necessary to create or carry on an enterprise where not all markets are well established or clearly defined and/or in which relevant parts of the production function are not completely known.

Israel Kirzner (1979); The entrepreneur recognizes and acts upon market opportunities. The entrepreneur is essentially an arbitrageur. In contrast to Schumpeter's viewpoint, the entrepreneur moves the market toward equilibrium.

Gartner (1988); The creation of new organizations.

The Entrepreneurship Center at Miami University of Ohio has an interesting definition of entrepreneurship: "Entrepreneurship is the process of identifying, developing, and bringing a vision to life. The vision may be an innovative idea, an opportunity, or simply a better way to do something. The end result of this process is the creation of a new venture, formed under conditions of risk and considerable uncertainty."

In summary, entrepreneurship is often viewed as a function which involves the exploitation of opportunities which exist within a market. Such exploitation is most commonly associated with the direction and/or combination of productive inputs. Entrepreneurs usually are considered to bear risk while pursuing opportunities, and often are associated with creative and innovative actions. In addition, entrepreneurs undertake a managerial role in their activities, but routine management of an ongoing operation is not considered to be entrepreneurship. In this sense entrepreneurial activity is fleeting. An individual may perform an entrepreneurial function in creating an organization, but later is relegated to the role of managing it without performing an entrepreneurial role. In this sense, many small-business owners would not be considered to be entrepreneurs. Finally, individuals within organizations (i.e. non-founders) can be classified as entrepreneurs since they pursue the exploitation of opportunities. Thus intrepreneurship is appropriately considered to be a form of entrepreneurship.


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Re: Evolution of Entrepreneurship - March 2nd, 2006

http://www.zeromillion.com/


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Re: Evolution of Entrepreneurship - April 14th, 2009

Nice thread thanks by the way


This really is very Informative
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Re: Evolution of Entrepreneurship - April 16th, 2009

thanxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
keep posting.............
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Re: Evolution of Entrepreneurship - June 24th, 2009

nice one..
keep it up..


i just need to post for me to view the attachment.. lol..
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Re: Evolution of Entrepreneurship - September 2nd, 2009

nice one.............
keep it up..............
thankxxxxxxxxxxxx
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Thumbs up Re: Evolution of Entrepreneurship - March 10th, 2010

thanks for the thread.

keep the knowledge flowwing !!!
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Re: Evolution of Entrepreneurship - April 2nd, 2010

thnxx for the notesss..................
gr8.. work..!! keep it upp...!!
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Re: Evolution of Entrepreneurship - April 26th, 2010

hey nice

data to read

thanks bro
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