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Types of Warehouses

Discuss Types of Warehouses within the Elements Of Logistics (Logs) forums, part of the Resolve Your Query - Get Help and discuss Projects category; TYPES OF WAREHOUSES The various types of warehouses are: Private Warehouses The warehouses which are owned and managed by the ...

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Sunanda K. Chavan
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Types of Warehouses - September 7th, 2010

TYPES OF WAREHOUSES

The various types of warehouses are:

Private Warehouses

The warehouses which are owned and managed by the manufacturers or traders to store, exclusively, their own stock of goods are known as private warehouses.

Generally these warehouses are constructed by the farmers near their fields, by wholesalers and retailers near their business centres and by manufacturers near their factories.

The design and the facilities provided therein are according to the nature of products to be stored.

Public Warehouses

The warehouses which are run to store goods of the general public are known as public warehouses.

Any one can store his goods in these warehouses on payment of rent.
An individual, a partnership firm or a company may own these warehouses.
To start such warehouses a licence from the government is required.

The government also regulates the functions and operations of these warehouses.
Mostly these warehouses are used by manufacturers, wholesalers, exporters, importers, government agencies, etc.

Government Warehouses

These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by central or state governments or public corporations or local authorities.

Both government and private enterprises may use these warehouses to store their goods.

Central Warehousing Corporation of India, State Warehousing Corporation and Food Corporation of India are examples of agencies maintaining government warehouses.


Bonded Warehouses

These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by government as well as private agencies.

Private bonded warehouses have to obtain licence from the government.
Bonded warehouses are used to store imported goods for which import duty is yet to be paid.

In case of imported goods the importers are not allowed to take away the goods from the ports till such duty is paid.

These warehouses are generally owned by dock authorities and found near the ports.

Co-operative Warehouses

These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by co-operative societies.

They provide warehousing facilities at the most economical rates to the members of their society.

CHARACTERISTIC OF IDEAL WAREHOUSES.

Any warehouse is said be an ideal warehouse if it possesses the below mentioned charechteristics:

Warehouse should be located at a convenient place near highways, railway stations, airports and seaports where goods can be loaded and unloaded easily.

Mechanical appliances should be there to loading and unloading the goods. This reduces the wastages in handling and also minimises handling costs.

Adequate space should be available inside the building to keep the goods in proper order.


Ware houses meant for preservation of perishable items like fruits, vegetables, eggs and butter etc. should have cold storage facilities.

Proper arrangement should be there to protect the goods from sunlight, rain, wind, dust, moisture and pests.

Sufficient parking space should be there inside the premises to facilitate easy and quick loading and unloading of goods.

Round the clock security arrangement should be there to avoid theft of goods.

The building should be fitted with latest fire-fighting equipments to avoid loss of goods due to fire.

FUNCTIONS OF WAREHOUSING

Receiving

Receiving is that activity concerned with the orderly receipt of all materials coming into the warehouse.

The necessary activities to assure that the quantity and quality of such materials are as ordered and

The payment to storage or to other organisational functions requiring them

Pre-packaging (optional)

Pre-packaging is performed in a warehouse when products are received in bulk from a supplier and subsequently packaged singly, in merchandisable quantities or in combinations with other parts to form kits or assortments.

An entire receipt of merchandise may be processed at once, or a portion may be held in bulk form to be done later.

This may be done when packaging greatly increases the storage cube requirements or when a part is common to several kits or assortments.

Put-away

Put-away is the act of placing merchandise in storage.

It includes both a transportation and a placement component.

Storage

Storage is the physical containment of merchandise while it is awaiting a demand.

The form of storage will depend on the size and quantity of the items in inventory and the handling characteristics of the product or its container.

Order picking

Order picking is the process of removing items from storage to meet a specific demand.

Its represents the basic service that the warehouse provides for the customer and is the function around which most warehouse designs are based.

Packaging and/or Pricing (optional)
Packaging and/or pricing may be done as an optional step after the picking process.

As in the pre-packaging function, individual items or assortments are boxed for more convenient use.

Waiting until after picking to perform these functions has the advantage of providing more flexibility in the use of on-hand inventory

Individual items are available for use in any of the packaging configurations right up to the time of need

Pricing is current at the time of sale
Pre-pricing at manufacture or receipt into the warehouse inevitably leads to some re-pricing activity as price lists are changed while merchandise sits in inventory

Sortation and/or Accumulation

Sortation of batch picks into individual orders and accumulation of distributed picks into orders must be done when an order has more than one item and the accumulation is not done as the picks are made.

Packing and Shipping

Packing and shipping may include the following tasks:

Checking orders for completeness

Packaging of merchandise in an appropriate shipping container

Preparation of shipping documents, including packing list, address label and bill of lading

Weighing of order to determine shipping charges

Accumulation of orders by outbound carrier

Loading trucks ( in many instances, this is a carriers responsibility

Transportation

In some cases warehouses provide transport arrangement to the bulk depositors.

It collects goods from the place of production and also sends goods to the place of delivery on request of the depositors

ADVANTAGES OF WAREHOUSING

Warehousing offers many advantages to the business community. Whether it is industry or trade, it provides a number of benefits which are listed below:

Protection and preservation of goods

Regular flow of goods

Continuity in production

Convenient location

Easy handling

Useful for small businessmen

Creation of employment

Facilitates sale of goods

Availability of finance

Reduces risk of loss

PROTECTION AND PRESERVATION OF GOODS

Warehouse provides necessary facilities to the businessmen for storing their goods when they are not required for sale.

It provides protection to the stocks, ensures their safety and prevents wastage.

It minimises losses from breakage, deterioration in quality, spoilage etc.
Warehouses usually adopt latest technologies to avoid losses, as far as possible

REGULAR FLOW OF GOODS

Many commodities like rice, wheat etc. are produced during a particular season but are consumed throughout the year.

Warehousing ensures regular supply of such seasonal commodities throughout the year.

CONTINUITY IN PRODUCTION

Warehouse enables the manufacturers to carry on production continuously without bothering about the storage of raw materials.

It helps to provide seasonal raw material without any break, for production of finished goods

CONVENIENT LOCATION

Warehouses are generally located at convenient places near road, rail or waterways to facilitate movement of goods.

Convenient location reduces the cost of transportation

EASY HANDLING

Modern warehouses are generally fitted with mechanical appliances to handle the goods.

Heavy and bulky goods can be loaded and unloaded by using modern machines, which reduces cost of handling such goods.

Mechanical handling also minimizes wastage during loading and unloading

USEFUL FOR SMALL BUSINESSMEN

Construction of own warehouse requires heavy capital investment, which small businessmen cannot afford.

In this situation, by paying a nominal amount as rent, they can preserve their raw materials as well as finished products in public warehouses.

CREATION OF EMPLOYMENT

Warehouses create employment opportunities both for skilled and unskilled workers in every part of the country.

It is a source of income for the people, to improve their standards of living

FACILITATES SALE OF GOODS

Various steps necessary for sale of goods such as inspection of goods by the prospective buyers, grading, branding, packaging and labelling can be carried on by the warehouses.

Ownership of goods can be easily transferred to the buyer by transferring the warehouse keeper’s warrant.

AVAILABILITY OF FINANCE

Loans can be easily raised from banks and other financial institutions against the security of the warehouse-keeper’s warrant.

In some cases warehouses also provide advance to the depositors of goods on keeping the goods as security.

REDUCES RISK OF LOSS

Goods in warehouses are well guarded and preserved.

The warehouses can economically employ security staff to avoid theft, use insecticides for preservation and provide cold storage facility for perishable items.

They can install fire-fighting equipment to avoid fire.

The goods stored can also be insured for compensation in case of loss
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Re: Types of Warehouses - August 6th, 2014

Wow its really great information.
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Re: Types of Warehouses - May 18th, 2015

If you are setting or planning your own business plz refer these because it deals with the warehouse information and it will help to set up the perfect location.
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Re: Types of Warehouses - July 3rd, 2015

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Originally Posted by sunandaC View Post
TYPES OF WAREHOUSES

The various types of warehouses are:

Private Warehouses

The warehouses which are owned and managed by the manufacturers or traders to store, exclusively, their own stock of goods are known as private warehouses.

Generally these warehouses are constructed by the farmers near their fields, by wholesalers and retailers near their business centres and by manufacturers near their factories.

The design and the facilities provided therein are according to the nature of products to be stored.

Public Warehouses

The warehouses which are run to store goods of the general public are known as public warehouses.

Any one can store his goods in these warehouses on payment of rent.
An individual, a partnership firm or a company may own these warehouses.
To start such warehouses a licence from the government is required.

The government also regulates the functions and operations of these warehouses.
Mostly these warehouses are used by manufacturers, wholesalers, exporters, importers, government agencies, etc.

Government Warehouses

These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by central or state governments or public corporations or local authorities.

Both government and private enterprises may use these warehouses to store their goods.

Central Warehousing Corporation of India, State Warehousing Corporation and Food Corporation of India are examples of agencies maintaining government warehouses.


Bonded Warehouses

These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by government as well as private agencies.

Private bonded warehouses have to obtain licence from the government.
Bonded warehouses are used to store imported goods for which import duty is yet to be paid.

In case of imported goods the importers are not allowed to take away the goods from the ports till such duty is paid.

These warehouses are generally owned by dock authorities and found near the ports.

Co-operative Warehouses

These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by co-operative societies.

They provide warehousing facilities at the most economical rates to the members of their society.

CHARACTERISTIC OF IDEAL WAREHOUSES.

Any warehouse is said be an ideal warehouse if it possesses the below mentioned charechteristics:

Warehouse should be located at a convenient place near highways, railway stations, airports and seaports where goods can be loaded and unloaded easily.

Mechanical appliances should be there to loading and unloading the goods. This reduces the wastages in handling and also minimises handling costs.

Adequate space should be available inside the building to keep the goods in proper order.


Ware houses meant for preservation of perishable items like fruits, vegetables, eggs and butter etc. should have cold storage facilities.

Proper arrangement should be there to protect the goods from sunlight, rain, wind, dust, moisture and pests.

Sufficient parking space should be there inside the premises to facilitate easy and quick loading and unloading of goods.

Round the clock security arrangement should be there to avoid theft of goods.

The building should be fitted with latest fire-fighting equipments to avoid loss of goods due to fire.

FUNCTIONS OF WAREHOUSING

Receiving

Receiving is that activity concerned with the orderly receipt of all materials coming into the warehouse.

The necessary activities to assure that the quantity and quality of such materials are as ordered and

The payment to storage or to other organisational functions requiring them

Pre-packaging (optional)

Pre-packaging is performed in a warehouse when products are received in bulk from a supplier and subsequently packaged singly, in merchandisable quantities or in combinations with other parts to form kits or assortments.

An entire receipt of merchandise may be processed at once, or a portion may be held in bulk form to be done later.

This may be done when packaging greatly increases the storage cube requirements or when a part is common to several kits or assortments.

Put-away

Put-away is the act of placing merchandise in storage.

It includes both a transportation and a placement component.

Storage

Storage is the physical containment of merchandise while it is awaiting a demand.

The form of storage will depend on the size and quantity of the items in inventory and the handling characteristics of the product or its container.

Order picking

Order picking is the process of removing items from storage to meet a specific demand.

Its represents the basic service that the warehouse provides for the customer and is the function around which most warehouse designs are based.

Packaging and/or Pricing (optional)
Packaging and/or pricing may be done as an optional step after the picking process.

As in the pre-packaging function, individual items or assortments are boxed for more convenient use.

Waiting until after picking to perform these functions has the advantage of providing more flexibility in the use of on-hand inventory

Individual items are available for use in any of the packaging configurations right up to the time of need

Pricing is current at the time of sale
Pre-pricing at manufacture or receipt into the warehouse inevitably leads to some re-pricing activity as price lists are changed while merchandise sits in inventory

Sortation and/or Accumulation

Sortation of batch picks into individual orders and accumulation of distributed picks into orders must be done when an order has more than one item and the accumulation is not done as the picks are made.

Packing and Shipping

Packing and shipping may include the following tasks:

Checking orders for completeness

Packaging of merchandise in an appropriate shipping container

Preparation of shipping documents, including packing list, address label and bill of lading

Weighing of order to determine shipping charges

Accumulation of orders by outbound carrier

Loading trucks ( in many instances, this is a carriers responsibility

Transportation

In some cases warehouses provide transport arrangement to the bulk depositors.

It collects goods from the place of production and also sends goods to the place of delivery on request of the depositors

ADVANTAGES OF WAREHOUSING

Warehousing offers many advantages to the business community. Whether it is industry or trade, it provides a number of benefits which are listed below:

Protection and preservation of goods

Regular flow of goods

Continuity in production

Convenient location

Easy handling

Useful for small businessmen

Creation of employment

Facilitates sale of goods

Availability of finance

Reduces risk of loss

PROTECTION AND PRESERVATION OF GOODS

Warehouse provides necessary facilities to the businessmen for storing their goods when they are not required for sale.

It provides protection to the stocks, ensures their safety and prevents wastage.

It minimises losses from breakage, deterioration in quality, spoilage etc.
Warehouses usually adopt latest technologies to avoid losses, as far as possible

REGULAR FLOW OF GOODS

Many commodities like rice, wheat etc. are produced during a particular season but are consumed throughout the year.

Warehousing ensures regular supply of such seasonal commodities throughout the year.

CONTINUITY IN PRODUCTION

Warehouse enables the manufacturers to carry on production continuously without bothering about the storage of raw materials.

It helps to provide seasonal raw material without any break, for production of finished goods

CONVENIENT LOCATION

Warehouses are generally located at convenient places near road, rail or waterways to facilitate movement of goods.

Convenient location reduces the cost of transportation

EASY HANDLING

Modern warehouses are generally fitted with mechanical appliances to handle the goods.

Heavy and bulky goods can be loaded and unloaded by using modern machines, which reduces cost of handling such goods.

Mechanical handling also minimizes wastage during loading and unloading

USEFUL FOR SMALL BUSINESSMEN

Construction of own warehouse requires heavy capital investment, which small businessmen cannot afford.

In this situation, by paying a nominal amount as rent, they can preserve their raw materials as well as finished products in public warehouses.

CREATION OF EMPLOYMENT

Warehouses create employment opportunities both for skilled and unskilled workers in every part of the country.

It is a source of income for the people, to improve their standards of living

FACILITATES SALE OF GOODS

Various steps necessary for sale of goods such as inspection of goods by the prospective buyers, grading, branding, packaging and labelling can be carried on by the warehouses.

Ownership of goods can be easily transferred to the buyer by transferring the warehouse keeper’s warrant.

AVAILABILITY OF FINANCE

Loans can be easily raised from banks and other financial institutions against the security of the warehouse-keeper’s warrant.

In some cases warehouses also provide advance to the depositors of goods on keeping the goods as security.

REDUCES RISK OF LOSS

Goods in warehouses are well guarded and preserved.

The warehouses can economically employ security staff to avoid theft, use insecticides for preservation and provide cold storage facility for perishable items.

They can install fire-fighting equipment to avoid fire.

The goods stored can also be insured for compensation in case of loss


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Re: Types of Warehouses - February 20th, 2016

Quote:
Originally Posted by sunandaC View Post
TYPES OF WAREHOUSES

The various types of warehouses are:

Private Warehouses

The warehouses which are owned and managed by the manufacturers or traders to store, exclusively, their own stock of goods are known as private warehouses.

Generally these warehouses are constructed by the farmers near their fields, by wholesalers and retailers near their business centres and by manufacturers near their factories.

The design and the facilities provided therein are according to the nature of products to be stored.

Public Warehouses

The warehouses which are run to store goods of the general public are known as public warehouses.

Any one can store his goods in these warehouses on payment of rent.
An individual, a partnership firm or a company may own these warehouses.
To start such warehouses a licence from the government is required.

The government also regulates the functions and operations of these warehouses.
Mostly these warehouses are used by manufacturers, wholesalers, exporters, importers, government agencies, etc.

Government Warehouses

These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by central or state governments or public corporations or local authorities.

Both government and private enterprises may use these warehouses to store their goods.

Central Warehousing Corporation of India, State Warehousing Corporation and Food Corporation of India are examples of agencies maintaining government warehouses.


Bonded Warehouses

These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by government as well as private agencies.

Private bonded warehouses have to obtain licence from the government.
Bonded warehouses are used to store imported goods for which import duty is yet to be paid.

In case of imported goods the importers are not allowed to take away the goods from the ports till such duty is paid.

These warehouses are generally owned by dock authorities and found near the ports.

Co-operative Warehouses

These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by co-operative societies.

They provide warehousing facilities at the most economical rates to the members of their society.

CHARACTERISTIC OF IDEAL WAREHOUSES.

Any warehouse is said be an ideal warehouse if it possesses the below mentioned charechteristics:

Warehouse should be located at a convenient place near highways, railway stations, airports and seaports where goods can be loaded and unloaded easily.

Mechanical appliances should be there to loading and unloading the goods. This reduces the wastages in handling and also minimises handling costs.

Adequate space should be available inside the building to keep the goods in proper order.


Ware houses meant for preservation of perishable items like fruits, vegetables, eggs and butter etc. should have cold storage facilities.

Proper arrangement should be there to protect the goods from sunlight, rain, wind, dust, moisture and pests.

Sufficient parking space should be there inside the premises to facilitate easy and quick loading and unloading of goods.

Round the clock security arrangement should be there to avoid theft of goods.

The building should be fitted with latest fire-fighting equipments to avoid loss of goods due to fire.

FUNCTIONS OF WAREHOUSING

Receiving

Receiving is that activity concerned with the orderly receipt of all materials coming into the warehouse.

The necessary activities to assure that the quantity and quality of such materials are as ordered and

The payment to storage or to other organisational functions requiring them

Pre-packaging (optional)

Pre-packaging is performed in a warehouse when products are received in bulk from a supplier and subsequently packaged singly, in merchandisable quantities or in combinations with other parts to form kits or assortments.

An entire receipt of merchandise may be processed at once, or a portion may be held in bulk form to be done later.

This may be done when packaging greatly increases the storage cube requirements or when a part is common to several kits or assortments.

Put-away

Put-away is the act of placing merchandise in storage.

It includes both a transportation and a placement component.

Storage

Storage is the physical containment of merchandise while it is awaiting a demand.

The form of storage will depend on the size and quantity of the items in inventory and the handling characteristics of the product or its container.

Order picking

Order picking is the process of removing items from storage to meet a specific demand.

Its represents the basic service that the warehouse provides for the customer and is the function around which most warehouse designs are based.

Packaging and/or Pricing (optional)
Packaging and/or pricing may be done as an optional step after the picking process.

As in the pre-packaging function, individual items or assortments are boxed for more convenient use.

Waiting until after picking to perform these functions has the advantage of providing more flexibility in the use of on-hand inventory

Individual items are available for use in any of the packaging configurations right up to the time of need

Pricing is current at the time of sale
Pre-pricing at manufacture or receipt into the warehouse inevitably leads to some re-pricing activity as price lists are changed while merchandise sits in inventory

Sortation and/or Accumulation

Sortation of batch picks into individual orders and accumulation of distributed picks into orders must be done when an order has more than one item and the accumulation is not done as the picks are made.

Packing and Shipping

Packing and shipping may include the following tasks:

Checking orders for completeness

Packaging of merchandise in an appropriate shipping container

Preparation of shipping documents, including packing list, address label and bill of lading

Weighing of order to determine shipping charges

Accumulation of orders by outbound carrier

Loading trucks ( in many instances, this is a carriers responsibility

Transportation

In some cases warehouses provide transport arrangement to the bulk depositors.

It collects goods from the place of production and also sends goods to the place of delivery on request of the depositors

ADVANTAGES OF WAREHOUSING

Warehousing offers many advantages to the business community. Whether it is industry or trade, it provides a number of benefits which are listed below:

Protection and preservation of goods

Regular flow of goods

Continuity in production

Convenient location

Easy handling

Useful for small businessmen

Creation of employment

Facilitates sale of goods

Availability of finance

Reduces risk of loss

PROTECTION AND PRESERVATION OF GOODS

Warehouse provides necessary facilities to the businessmen for storing their goods when they are not required for sale.

It provides protection to the stocks, ensures their safety and prevents wastage.

It minimises losses from breakage, deterioration in quality, spoilage etc.
Warehouses usually adopt latest technologies to avoid losses, as far as possible

REGULAR FLOW OF GOODS

Many commodities like rice, wheat etc. are produced during a particular season but are consumed throughout the year.

Warehousing ensures regular supply of such seasonal commodities throughout the year.

CONTINUITY IN PRODUCTION

Warehouse enables the manufacturers to carry on production continuously without bothering about the storage of raw materials.

It helps to provide seasonal raw material without any break, for production of finished goods

CONVENIENT LOCATION

Warehouses are generally located at convenient places near road, rail or waterways to facilitate movement of goods.

Convenient location reduces the cost of transportation

EASY HANDLING

Modern warehouses are generally fitted with mechanical appliances to handle the goods.

Heavy and bulky goods can be loaded and unloaded by using modern machines, which reduces cost of handling such goods.

Mechanical handling also minimizes wastage during loading and unloading

USEFUL FOR SMALL BUSINESSMEN

Construction of own warehouse requires heavy capital investment, which small businessmen cannot afford.

In this situation, by paying a nominal amount as rent, they can preserve their raw materials as well as finished products in public warehouses.

CREATION OF EMPLOYMENT

Warehouses create employment opportunities both for skilled and unskilled workers in every part of the country.

It is a source of income for the people, to improve their standards of living

FACILITATES SALE OF GOODS

Various steps necessary for sale of goods such as inspection of goods by the prospective buyers, grading, branding, packaging and labelling can be carried on by the warehouses.

Ownership of goods can be easily transferred to the buyer by transferring the warehouse keeper’s warrant.

AVAILABILITY OF FINANCE

Loans can be easily raised from banks and other financial institutions against the security of the warehouse-keeper’s warrant.

In some cases warehouses also provide advance to the depositors of goods on keeping the goods as security.

REDUCES RISK OF LOSS

Goods in warehouses are well guarded and preserved.

The warehouses can economically employ security staff to avoid theft, use insecticides for preservation and provide cold storage facility for perishable items.

They can install fire-fighting equipment to avoid fire.

The goods stored can also be insured for compensation in case of loss
Hey Buddy,

I am also uploading a document which will give more detailed explanation on the Warehousing Management. So download and check it.
Attached Files
File Type: pdf Warehousing Management.pdf (1.30 MB, 0 views)


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Thumbs up Re: Types of Warehouses - November 17th, 2016

Quote:
Originally Posted by sunandaC View Post
TYPES OF WAREHOUSES

The various types of warehouses are:

Private Warehouses

The warehouses which are owned and managed by the manufacturers or traders to store, exclusively, their own stock of goods are known as private warehouses.

Generally these warehouses are constructed by the farmers near their fields, by wholesalers and retailers near their business centres and by manufacturers near their factories.

The design and the facilities provided therein are according to the nature of products to be stored.

Public Warehouses

The warehouses which are run to store goods of the general public are known as public warehouses.

Any one can store his goods in these warehouses on payment of rent.
An individual, a partnership firm or a company may own these warehouses.
To start such warehouses a licence from the government is required.

The government also regulates the functions and operations of these warehouses.
Mostly these warehouses are used by manufacturers, wholesalers, exporters, importers, government agencies, etc.

Government Warehouses

These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by central or state governments or public corporations or local authorities.

Both government and private enterprises may use these warehouses to store their goods.

Central Warehousing Corporation of India, State Warehousing Corporation and Food Corporation of India are examples of agencies maintaining government warehouses.


Bonded Warehouses

These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by government as well as private agencies.

Private bonded warehouses have to obtain licence from the government.
Bonded warehouses are used to store imported goods for which import duty is yet to be paid.

In case of imported goods the importers are not allowed to take away the goods from the ports till such duty is paid.

These warehouses are generally owned by dock authorities and found near the ports.

Co-operative Warehouses

These warehouses are owned, managed and controlled by co-operative societies.

They provide warehousing facilities at the most economical rates to the members of their society.

CHARACTERISTIC OF IDEAL WAREHOUSES.

Any warehouse is said be an ideal warehouse if it possesses the below mentioned charechteristics:

Warehouse should be located at a convenient place near highways, railway stations, airports and seaports where goods can be loaded and unloaded easily.

Mechanical appliances should be there to loading and unloading the goods. This reduces the wastages in handling and also minimises handling costs.

Adequate space should be available inside the building to keep the goods in proper order.


Ware houses meant for preservation of perishable items like fruits, vegetables, eggs and butter etc. should have cold storage facilities.

Proper arrangement should be there to protect the goods from sunlight, rain, wind, dust, moisture and pests.

Sufficient parking space should be there inside the premises to facilitate easy and quick loading and unloading of goods.

Round the clock security arrangement should be there to avoid theft of goods.

The building should be fitted with latest fire-fighting equipments to avoid loss of goods due to fire.

FUNCTIONS OF WAREHOUSING

Receiving

Receiving is that activity concerned with the orderly receipt of all materials coming into the warehouse.

The necessary activities to assure that the quantity and quality of such materials are as ordered and

The payment to storage or to other organisational functions requiring them

Pre-packaging (optional)

Pre-packaging is performed in a warehouse when products are received in bulk from a supplier and subsequently packaged singly, in merchandisable quantities or in combinations with other parts to form kits or assortments.

An entire receipt of merchandise may be processed at once, or a portion may be held in bulk form to be done later.

This may be done when packaging greatly increases the storage cube requirements or when a part is common to several kits or assortments.

Put-away

Put-away is the act of placing merchandise in storage.

It includes both a transportation and a placement component.

Storage

Storage is the physical containment of merchandise while it is awaiting a demand.

The form of storage will depend on the size and quantity of the items in inventory and the handling characteristics of the product or its container.

Order picking

Order picking is the process of removing items from storage to meet a specific demand.

Its represents the basic service that the warehouse provides for the customer and is the function around which most warehouse designs are based.

Packaging and/or Pricing (optional)
Packaging and/or pricing may be done as an optional step after the picking process.

As in the pre-packaging function, individual items or assortments are boxed for more convenient use.

Waiting until after picking to perform these functions has the advantage of providing more flexibility in the use of on-hand inventory

Individual items are available for use in any of the packaging configurations right up to the time of need

Pricing is current at the time of sale
Pre-pricing at manufacture or receipt into the warehouse inevitably leads to some re-pricing activity as price lists are changed while merchandise sits in inventory

Sortation and/or Accumulation

Sortation of batch picks into individual orders and accumulation of distributed picks into orders must be done when an order has more than one item and the accumulation is not done as the picks are made.

Packing and Shipping

Packing and shipping may include the following tasks:

Checking orders for completeness

Packaging of merchandise in an appropriate shipping container

Preparation of shipping documents, including packing list, address label and bill of lading

Weighing of order to determine shipping charges

Accumulation of orders by outbound carrier

Loading trucks ( in many instances, this is a carriers responsibility

Transportation

In some cases warehouses provide transport arrangement to the bulk depositors.

It collects goods from the place of production and also sends goods to the place of delivery on request of the depositors

ADVANTAGES OF WAREHOUSING

Warehousing offers many advantages to the business community. Whether it is industry or trade, it provides a number of benefits which are listed below:

Protection and preservation of goods

Regular flow of goods

Continuity in production

Convenient location

Easy handling

Useful for small businessmen

Creation of employment

Facilitates sale of goods

Availability of finance

Reduces risk of loss

PROTECTION AND PRESERVATION OF GOODS

Warehouse provides necessary facilities to the businessmen for storing their goods when they are not required for sale.

It provides protection to the stocks, ensures their safety and prevents wastage.

It minimises losses from breakage, deterioration in quality, spoilage etc.
Warehouses usually adopt latest technologies to avoid losses, as far as possible

REGULAR FLOW OF GOODS

Many commodities like rice, wheat etc. are produced during a particular season but are consumed throughout the year.

Warehousing ensures regular supply of such seasonal commodities throughout the year.

CONTINUITY IN PRODUCTION

Warehouse enables the manufacturers to carry on production continuously without bothering about the storage of raw materials.

It helps to provide seasonal raw material without any break, for production of finished goods

CONVENIENT LOCATION

Warehouses are generally located at convenient places near road, rail or waterways to facilitate movement of goods.

Convenient location reduces the cost of transportation

EASY HANDLING

Modern warehouses are generally fitted with mechanical appliances to handle the goods.

Heavy and bulky goods can be loaded and unloaded by using modern machines, which reduces cost of handling such goods.

Mechanical handling also minimizes wastage during loading and unloading

USEFUL FOR SMALL BUSINESSMEN

Construction of own warehouse requires heavy capital investment, which small businessmen cannot afford.

In this situation, by paying a nominal amount as rent, they can preserve their raw materials as well as finished products in public warehouses.

CREATION OF EMPLOYMENT

Warehouses create employment opportunities both for skilled and unskilled workers in every part of the country.

It is a source of income for the people, to improve their standards of living

FACILITATES SALE OF GOODS

Various steps necessary for sale of goods such as inspection of goods by the prospective buyers, grading, branding, packaging and labelling can be carried on by the warehouses.

Ownership of goods can be easily transferred to the buyer by transferring the warehouse keeper’s warrant.

AVAILABILITY OF FINANCE

Loans can be easily raised from banks and other financial institutions against the security of the warehouse-keeper’s warrant.

In some cases warehouses also provide advance to the depositors of goods on keeping the goods as security.

REDUCES RISK OF LOSS

Goods in warehouses are well guarded and preserved.

The warehouses can economically employ security staff to avoid theft, use insecticides for preservation and provide cold storage facility for perishable items.

They can install fire-fighting equipment to avoid fire.

The goods stored can also be insured for compensation in case of loss
I think you've to write blogs on this topic because traders like me looking for such great information before starting the warehousing business. As I am doing. I recently opened custom bonded warehouse - BondedPro and deals in beer
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Re: Types of Warehouses
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Rajiv Marathe Rajiv Marathe
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rajivmarathe
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Re: Types of Warehouses - June 21st, 2017

There are lots of type of warehouses
Private Warehouse
Private Warehouse
Automated Warehouse
Climate-Controlled Warehouse
Distribution Center
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