India is one of the world's largest producers of food, and is the largest producer of milk, sugarcane and tea, as well as the second largest producer of rice, wheat, fruits, and vegetables. Nearly 70% of the population depend on agriculture and agro-based industries.
The agro and food processing sector offers scope for development of several industries such as solvent extraction, oleo- resins, kinnow/ orange juice, malt extracts, floriculture and a host of other items. Besides these items like mushrooms, tomato processing, other processing industries based on mango, ber, pomegranate and other vegetable like onion, potato, garlic. Industries based on herbal and medicinal plants, sheep, goat ,buffalo meat processing, poultry and poultry products and non edible oil processing industries have bright export prospects. The state government on its parts, is alive to the needs of this sector with regard to training, technology upgradation, improvement in infrastructural
facility and a progressing Government policy with these measures, along with support from central government and the coordinated efforts of various institutions working in the filed of agro and food products. It is expected that this industries with come to occupy its due place in the agro industrial development of Rajasthan.
At present food processing industry faces both external and internal constraints. External Constraints include the cost disadvantages in the international marketing framework, while internal constraints consists following :
* Quality raw material
* Exclusive Production
* Tack of suitable processed technology
* Infrastructure for distribution
We have undertaken a wide range of studies of agribusiness, food processing and allied sectors. We have worked with State Government Undertakings and Corporate clients on assignments covering all aspects of crop production, animal husbandry and fisheries, horticulture, post-harvest management, processing and marketing. We also offer self-contained Pre-Investment and Pre-Feasibility Studies, Market Surveys and Studies, Preparation of Techno-Economic Feasibility Reports, Identification and Selection of Plant and Machinery, Manufacturing Process and or Equipment required, General Guidance, Technical and Commercial Counseling for setting up new industrial projects on the following topics.
Many of the engineers, project consultant & industrial consultancy firms in India and worldwide use our project reports as one of the input in doing their analysis.
AGRO Industries are considered an extended arm of agriculture but in India they have not received as much attention as agriculture. While agriculture contributes about 25 per cent of India's GDP the value added by the processing industry is only 8 per cent of total food production. For example, only two per cent of horticulture products are estimated to be processed and more than 30 per cent of production is wasted due to lack of storage and processing facilities.
The agro Industry is broadly categorised in two-three types:
* Village Industries owned and run by rural households with very little capital Investment and a high level of manual labour,
* Small scale industry characterised by medium investment and semi-automation, and
* Large scale industry involving large investment and a high level of automation.
Pickles, papad, basket making fall in the first group and edible oil and rice mills in the small Industry segment. Sugar, jute and cotton mills are in the large scale sector. The three segments have come up mainly based on their ability to bring in capital and capacity to market products. The development of agro-based industries started during pre-independence days. Cotton mills, sugar mills, jute mills were promoted in the corporate sector. During post-Independence days with a view to providing more employment and using local resources small scale and village industries were encouraged. The objective, while not questionable, created unnecessary confusion in the minds of the entrepreneurs. However, in the recent past concessions, preferences and reservation for village and small industries have been reduced considerably, if not eliminated. The book covers Banana Cultivation, Bee Keeping, Coconut Plantation/Cultivation, Dairy Farming, Eucalyptus Tree Plantation/ Cultivation, Floriculture (Cut-Flowers), Ginger Cultivation, Goat Farming, Mushroom Cultivation/Growing, Establishing An Orchard, Papaya Cultivation, Piggery Farming, Poultry Farm, Rabbit Farm, Sheep Farming, Tea Plantation/Cultivation, Teak Tree Plantation, Tissue Culture, Directory of Agricultural Equipment & Implements.
Engineers India Research Institute
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